UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

x   Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
    for fiscal year ended April 30, 2016
    or
¨   Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
    for the transition period from               to              

 

Commission file number. 001-15517

 

 

Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada 88-0142032
(State or other jurisdiction of Incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
   
133 E. Warm Springs Road, Suite 102, Las Vegas, Nevada 89119
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (702) 685-1000

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
     
Common stock, $0.12 par value   New York Stock Exchange Market

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None.

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

¨ Yes x No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

o Yes x No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

x Yes o No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding twelve months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

x Yes o No

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” and “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o Smaller Reporting Company x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.)

o Yes x No

 

As of October 31, 2015, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant based on the closing price per share of $1.75, as reported on the NYSE MKT Stock Exchange, was $28,439,117.

 

As of July 15, 2016, the registrant had 17,788,856 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for the registrant’s 2016 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the registrant’s fiscal year end of April 30, 2016 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.

 

  

 

NEVADA GOLD & CASINOS, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
     
PART I    
     
ITEM 1. BUSINESS 1
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 5
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 8
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES 8
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 9
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 9
     
PART II    
     
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES 9
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 10
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 10
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 17
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA 17
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 17
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 17
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION 18
     
PART III    
     
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 18
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 19
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 19
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 19
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES 19
     
PART IV    
     
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 19

 

 i

 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Factors that May Affect Future Results

(Cautionary Statements Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995)

 

Certain information included in this Form 10-K and other materials filed or to be filed by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission (as well as information included in oral statements or other written statements made or to be made by the Company or its representatives) contains or may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Statements that include the words “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” or other words or expressions of similar meaning, may identify forward-looking statements. We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations about future events. Forward-looking statements include statements that reflect management’s beliefs, plans, objectives, goals, expectations, anticipations, intentions with respect to our financial condition, results of operations, future performance and the business, including statements relating to our business strategy and our current and future development plans.

 

Although we believe that the assumptions underlying these forward-looking statements are reasonable, any or all of the forward-looking statements in this report and in any other public statements that are made may prove to be incorrect. This may occur as a result of inaccurate assumptions or as a consequence of known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Many factors discussed in this report, such as the competitive environment and government regulation, will be important in determining our future performance. Consequently, actual results may differ materially from those that might be anticipated from forward-looking statements. In light of these and other uncertainties, you should not regard the inclusion of a forward-looking statement in this report or other public communications that we might make as a representation by us that our plans and objectives will be achieved, and you should not place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.

 

We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Any further disclosures made on related subjects in our subsequent reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission should be consulted.

 

 ii

 

 

Part I

 

Item 1.   Business

 

Overview

 

Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Company,” “we” or “us”), was formed in 1977 and, since 1994, has been primarily a gaming company involved in financing, developing, owning and operating gaming properties and projects.

 

Our current gaming facility operations are located in the United States of America (the “U.S.”), specifically in the states of Nevada, Washington and South Dakota.

 

We operate a portfolio of nine mini-casinos in Washington State (“Washington”) which include restaurants, bars and approximately 126 table games. We acquired these operations in three separate transactions between 2009 and 2011. In 2012, we acquired all of the shares of A.G. Trucano, Son and Grandsons, Inc. (“South Dakota”), a slot machine route operation in Deadwood, South Dakota consisting of approximately 705 slot machines in 16 locations. In December 2015, we acquired Club Fortune Casino in Henderson, Nevada. It has approximately 540 slot machines, seven table games and a poker room, two bars, an entertainment lounge, a William Hill sports book, a café, a snack bar, and a gift shop.

 

We sold the Colorado Grande Casino in 2012 for $3.1 million and have a note receivable from the buyer with a balance of $1.1 million as of April 30, 2016.

 

We have three business segments and Corporate: Washington, South Dakota, and Nevada. For a summary of financial information concerning these segments, please refer to the information provided in Segment Reporting footnote in our consolidated financial statements.

 

Objective and Strategies

 

Our primary business objective is to increase returns to shareholders through appreciation in the value of our common shares. To achieve this objective, we intend to grow our assets and our earnings by following three business strategies:

 

-enhancing the return from, and the value of, the gaming properties in which we own interests;
-acquiring or developing additional gaming properties; and
-assisting in finding financing, developing and/or managing of, or providing consulting services to, gaming projects and operating properties.

 

Current Casino Operations

 

Washington

 

On May 12, 2009, we acquired three mini-casinos in the state of Washington for $15.75 million. The transaction was funded with available cash and $4.0 million note issued to the sellers. The three mini-casinos are Crazy Moose Casino in Pasco, Coyote Bob's Casino in Kennewick, and Crazy Moose Casino in Mountlake Terrace. We believe that Crazy Moose Casino in Mountlake Terrace attracts customers from the greater Seattle area whereas Crazy Moose Casino in Pasco and Coyote Bob’s Casino, located in the southeast region of Washington State, attract customers from Walla Walla, southeastern Washington and northeastern Oregon.

 

On July 23, 2010, we acquired six additional mini-casinos and a related administrative center, for $11.07 million, which was funded with $6.0 million in cash and $5.07 million financed by the prior owner’s senior debt holder. These locations were acquired through bankruptcy proceedings. The six mini-casinos are Silver Dollar Casinos in SeaTac, Renton, and Bothell, Golden Nugget Casino in Tukwila (which was subsequently sold in 2015), Club Hollywood Casino in Shoreline, and Royal Casino in Everett. The properties are located in the Seattle area, and we believe that these casinos attract customers from the greater Seattle area and western Washington.

 

On July 18, 2011, we acquired the Red Dragon in Mountlake Terrace, Washington for $1.25 million. This transaction was financed with $400,000 in cash, $500,000 in our common stock and $350,000 in two promissory notes payable to the seller. We believe that this location attracts customers from the Seattle area and western Washington.

 

With these three acquisitions we have become the largest operator of mini-casinos in the state of Washington with nine such facilities, which represents approximately 18% of the state's active mini-casinos. Each location includes a full service restaurant, a bar and a maximum of 15 table games. In addition to Player Banked Poker, the table games offered include Blackjack, Pai Gow poker, Baccarat, Spanish 21, Blackjack-Double Action, Ultimate Hold’em, Three and Four Card Poker and High Card Flush. New games are frequently introduced and traditional “pull tabs” are also allowed. Our combined Washington operations provide approximately 126 table games and employ approximately 1,050 people.

 

 1

 

 

We own the land and building at Crazy Moose in Pasco, and Coyote Bob’s in Kennewick. Our other seven locations are operated in leased facilities.

 

South Dakota

 

On January 27, 2012, we completed the acquisition of all shares of A.G. Trucano, Son & Grandsons, Inc. for $5.1 million. The transaction was financed by $3.2 million in cash, $25,000 in our common stock, and $1.9 million in three promissory notes payable to the sellers.

 

The South Dakota operations consist of a slot machine route operator that has been in business since the legalization of gaming in South Dakota in 1989. As of April 30, 2016, we operate approximately 705 slot machines in approximately 16 locations in Deadwood, South Dakota, which represents about 22% of the total number of slot machines in that market. Deadwood is a town of 1,300 residents located in Black Hills, in the southwest corner of South Dakota. Deadwood attracts over a million visitors each year and is a one hour drive from Mount Rushmore and 40-minute drive from Rapid City, South Dakota. Initiated in 1989, Deadwood was the third jurisdiction in the United States to host legalized gambling. Our South Dakota operations employ approximately 27 people.

 

Club Fortune Casino

 

In December 2015, we acquired Club Fortune Casino in Henderson, Nevada. It has approximately 540 slot machines, seven table games and a poker room, two bars, an entertainment lounge, a William Hill sports book, a café, a snack bar, and a gift shop. Henderson’s population is approximately 275,000 and is part of the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The purchase price for the acquisition, exclusive of working capital, was $14,159,623 and 1,190,476 shares of common stock of the Company for a total purchase price of $16,362,004. The acquisition was financed pursuant to an expansion of the Company’s existing Credit Agreement with Mutual of Omaha Bank. Club Fortune employs approximately 196 people.

 

Colorado Land

 

Through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Gold Mountain Development, LLC, we owned approximately 268 acres of undeveloped land in the vicinity of Black Hawk and Central City, Colorado. On April 8, 2013, we signed a one year option agreement, with two one year extensions to sell the land for an initial sale price of $1.1 million plus $118 per day after April 8, 2013. On April 22, 2016, we executed an amendment to the option agreement for the sale of the vacant land for a purchase price of $750,000. In connection with the transaction, we recorded a non-cash impairment of $350,000 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016. We received a $75,000 down payment, which is included in other long-term liabilities on our balance sheet, and financed the balance at 5% interest only, with interest payable monthly, and a balloon payment of $675,000 due April 30, 2019. The transaction was accounted for under the deposit method, recording the down payment as a liability and deferring the recognition of the sale until the buyer’s investment is at least 20% of the initial purchase price. 

 

Colorado Grande CasinoCripple Creek, Colorado

 

On May 25, 2012, we sold substantially all assets, including any rights in the Colorado Grande name and gaming-related liabilities, of the Colorado Grande Casino to G Investments, LLC (“GI”). Under the terms of the agreement, the buyer agreed to pay us $3.1 million, of which $800,000 was paid in cash and $2.3 million will be paid through a five year, 6% interest rate promissory note (the “GI Note”). Please see Note 4 of our consolidated financial statements.

 

Previous Projects

 

On an annual basis, we review each of our notes receivable to evaluate whether collection is still probable. In our analysis, we review the economic feasibility and the current financial, legislative and development status of the project. If our analysis indicates that the project is no longer economically feasible, the note receivable will be written down to its estimated fair value.

 

Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians; Ione, Amador County, California

 

We have a note receivable for $4.7 million from B. V. Oro, LLC from the 2008 sale of our 40% interest in Buena Vista Development Company, LLC. The receivable was fully reserved in 2012.

 

 2

 

 

Big City Capital, LLC

 

In 2004, we advanced $3.2 million to Big City Capital, LLC for the development of gaming/entertainment projects. The receivable was fully reserved as of 2012.

 

Regulation and Licensing

 

Washington

 

The gaming legislation in Washington State is codified in chapter 9.46 of the Revised Code of Washington (“RCW”) which stipulates the Washington State Gambling Commission (the “WA Gambling Commission”) to be the regulator of gambling activities in this state.  The WA Gambling Commission enforces its authority through an extensive set of rules and regulations promulgated in Title 230 of the Washington Administrative Code.  The state of Washington allows certain gambling activities, such as amusement games, bingo, raffles, punch boards, pull-tabs, card-rooms, and public card games.  In order to be considered legal, these activities must be operated by either non-profit organizations or by commercial food and drink establishments.  Some activities may be operated solely by non-profit organizations, such as raffles.  Some traditional casino games, such as craps, roulette and keno, are prohibited.  House-banked card-rooms have been authorized in Washington State since 1997 and, under current law, each establishment is allowed to have up to 15 tables offering games, such as Blackjack, Ultimate Texas Hold’em, Three Card Poker, Four Card Poker, Spanish Poker, Baccarat, Texas Shootout, Spanish 21, Pai Gow Poker, and others.  The law allows both player-sponsored and house-banked card-rooms.  The Washington Gambling Commission allows a maximum $300 table game wager for house-banked card-rooms. In addition, these establishments are allowed to be open 24 hours per day, provided they close for at least four continuous hours two times per week. 

 

To operate our nine “mini-casinos” in Washington State, each of them is required to maintain a Public Card-room and Punch Board/Pull-Tab Commercial Stimulant license.  These licenses are renewable annually, subject to continued compliance with applicable gaming regulations.  In addition, the WA Gambling Commission requires, prior to the licenses being issued, each substantial interest holder in the licensees (including our officers, directors and owners of 5% percent or more of any class of our stock) to submit to the WA Gambling Commission certain disclosure forms and be subject to background investigations.  The failure or inability of our “mini-casinos” to maintain their respective licenses would have a material adverse effect on our operations.

 

Revised Code of Washington (“RCW”) 9.46.110 allows local governments (including cities, counties and towns) to prohibit any or all gambling activities for which licenses are required as well as tax such activities.  The maximum tax limitations imposed by law include 20% of gross receipts for public card-room games and either 5% of gross receipts or 10% of net receipt (as chosen by a local authority) for pull-tabs activities.  The current gaming tax rate for public card-room games in the cities of Pasco, Mountlake Terrace, Kennewick, SeaTac, Renton, Tukwila and Shoreline, as well as in Snohomish County, is 10% of table games gross receipts. The current gaming tax rate for pull-tabs in the city of Kennewick is 10% of pull-tabs net receipts, while in the cities of Pasco, Mountlake Terrace, SeaTac, Renton, Tukwila and Shoreline, as well as in Snohomish County, the tax rate is 5% of pull-tabs gross receipts.  In addition, Washington State charges a business and occupational tax in the amount of 1.63% of all gaming activities’ net receipts in order to promote responsible gaming. 

 

South Dakota

 

Gaming in South Dakota began in November 1989 and is presently authorized within the city of Deadwood. The gaming legislation is codified in Chapter 42-7B of the South Dakota Codified Laws as well as Article 20:18 of the South Dakota Legislature Administrative Rules (collectively, the “SD Regulations”) and is regulated by the South Dakota Commission on Gaming (the “SD Gaming Commission”). The SD Regulations allow gambling activities to be conducted at bars and taverns, including slot machines and limited card games, such as Blackjack and Poker and beginning in July 2015, Roulette, Craps and Keno. The SD Regulations limit each licensed location to have a maximum of 30 slot machines. The current tax rate is 9% of the adjusted gross gaming revenues in addition to an annual fee of $2,000 for each licensed gaming device located in a licensed location. In order to operate our slot route business in this state, we are required to hold Operator and Route Operator licenses issued by the SD Gaming Commission.

 

The SD Regulations require that every officer and director, as well as any stockholder holding 5% or greater ownership in a company involved with the conduct of gaming in the state to be a person of good moral character and must submit to a full background investigation conducted by the SD Gaming Commission. Our gaming licenses may be suspended or revoked for any cause which may have prevented their issuance, or for violation by us, or any of our officers, directors, agents, members or employees, of the SD Regulations or for conviction of a crime of moral turpitude or a felony. In addition to the revocation or suspension or in lieu of revocation or suspension, the SD Gaming Commission may impose a reprimand or a monetary penalty.

 

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Nevada

 

Upon the recommendation of the Nevada Gaming Control Board (the “NV Gaming Board”), on January 26, 2012, the Nevada Gaming Commission (the “NV Gaming Commission” and, collectively with the NV Gaming Board, the “NV Gaming Authorities”) approved our application for registration as a publicly-traded corporation submitted in connection with an acquisition of a 1% interest in the Nugget, a non-restricted gaming licensee located in Reno, Nevada, by our wholly-owned subsidiary, Nevada Gold Speedway, LLC (“NG Speedway”). Our acquisition of equity in the Nugget required us to file the application. In connection therewith, we, NG Speedway, and certain of our key employees and directors were found suitable by the NV Gaming Authorities. We took this action to accelerate future Nevada acquisitions or management contracts. In May 2013, as permitted by the agreement, the Heaney Trust exercised its right to repurchase our 1% ownership of The Nugget for $1,000. As a result we were licensed in Nevada and remain registered with the Nevada Gaming Control Board as a publicly traded corporation that has been found suitable. On November 19, 2015, the Nevada Gaming Commission approved the Company’s application for a non-restricted gaming license in conjunction with the acquisition of Club Fortune Casino.

 

The ownership and operation of gaming establishments in Nevada are subject to the Nevada Gaming Control Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder (collectively, the “NGCA”). A finding of suitability is comparable to licensing and it requires submission of detailed personal and financial information followed by a thorough investigation. A finding of unsuitability with respect to any officer, director, employee, associate, lender or beneficial owner of a licensee or applicant may jeopardize an already issued license or applicant’s license application. Licenses may be conditioned upon termination of any relationship with unsuitable persons.

 

Although any beneficial holder of our voting securities, regardless of the number of shares owned, may be required to file an application for a finding of suitability, the general rule provides that beneficial owners of more than 10% of any class of our voting securities must apply to the NV Gaming Authorities for a finding of suitability. Under certain circumstances, an “institutional investor” (as defined in the NGCA) who acquires more than 10% but not more than 25% of any class of our voting securities, may apply to the NV Gaming Authorities for a waiver of such finding of suitability if such institutional investor holds the voting securities for investment purposes only. An institutional investor that has obtained a waiver may, in certain circumstances, own up to 29% of the voting securities of a registered company for a limited period of time and maintain the waiver. Any person who fails or refuses to apply for a finding of suitability or a license within 30 days after being ordered to do so by the NV Gaming Authorities, or who refuses or fails to pay the investigative costs in connection with investigation of its application, may be found unsuitable. The same restrictions apply to a record owner if the record owner, after request, fails to identify the beneficial owner. Any shareholder found unsuitable and who holds, directly or indirectly, any beneficial ownership of our common stock beyond such period of time as may be prescribed by the NV Gaming Authorities may be guilty of a criminal offense. We would be subject to disciplinary action if, after receipt of notice that a person is unsuitable, we:

 

·pay such a person any dividend or interest upon any of our voting securities;
·allow such a person to exercise, directly or indirectly, any voting right conferred through securities held by that person;
·pay remuneration in any form to such a person for services rendered or otherwise; or
·fail to pursue all lawful efforts to require such unsuitable person to relinquish his or her voting securities including, if necessary, the immediate purchase of the voting securities for cash at fair market value.

 

Corporations registered with the NV Gaming Commission may not make a public offering of any securities without the prior approval of the NV Gaming Authorities if the securities or the proceeds therefrom are intended to be used to construct, acquire, or finance gaming facilities in Nevada, or to retire or extend obligations incurred for those purposes or for similar purposes. An approval, if given, does not constitute a finding, recommendation, or approval by the NV Gaming Authorities as to the accuracy or adequacy of the prospectus or the investment merits of the securities, and any representation to the contrary is unlawful.

 

Because we are involved in gaming activities outside Nevada, we are required to deposit with the NV Gaming Board, and thereafter maintain, a revolving fund in the amount of $10,000 to pay for the expenses of investigation by the NV Gaming Board of our participation in gaming in other jurisdictions. The revolving fund is subject to increase or decrease at the discretion of the NV Gaming Commission. Upon our registration and finding of suitability, we are also required to comply with certain other requirements imposed by the NGCA, including reporting requirements.

 

The laws, regulations and supervisory procedures of the Nevada gaming authorities are based upon declarations of public policy which are concerned with, among other things:

 

·the character of persons having any direct or indirect involvement with gaming to prevent unsavory or unsuitable persons from having a direct or indirect involvement with gaming at any time or in any capacity;

 

·establishment and application of responsible accounting practices and procedures;

 

·maintenance of effective control over the financial practices and financial stability of licensees, including procedures for internal controls and the safeguarding of assets and revenues;

 

·recordkeeping and reporting to the Nevada gaming authorities;

 

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·fair operation of games; and

 

·the raising of revenues through taxation and licensing fees.

 

Any person who is licensed, required to be licensed, registered, required to be registered, or who is under common control with those persons, collectively, “licensees,” and who proposes to become involved in a gaming venture outside of Nevada, is required to deposit with the Nevada Gaming Control Board, and thereafter maintain, a revolving fund in the amount of $0.03 million to pay the expenses of investigation by the Nevada Gaming Control Board of the licensee’s participation in foreign gaming. We comply with this requirement. The revolving fund is subject to increase or decrease at the discretion of the Nevada Gaming Commission. Licensees are required to comply with the reporting requirements imposed by the Nevada Gaming Control Act. A licensee is also subject to disciplinary action by the Nevada Gaming Commission if it:

 

·knowingly violates any laws of the foreign jurisdiction pertaining to the foreign gaming operation;

 

·fails to conduct the foreign gaming operation in accordance with the standards of honesty and integrity required of Nevada gaming operations;

 

·engages in any activity or enters into any association that is unsuitable because it poses an unreasonable threat to the control of gaming in Nevada, reflects or tends to reflect, discredit or disrepute upon the State of Nevada or gaming in Nevada, or is contrary to the gaming policies of Nevada;

 

·engages in activities or enters into associations that are harmful to the State of Nevada or its ability to collect gaming taxes and fees; or

 

·employs, contracts with or associates with a person in the foreign operation who has been denied a license or a finding of suitability in Nevada on the ground of unsuitability.

 

We have adopted a compliance plan and appointed a compliance committee which currently consists of Company directors and officers, in accordance with Nevada Gaming Commission requirements. Our compliance committee meets quarterly and is responsible for implementing and monitoring our compliance with Nevada regulatory matters. This committee will also review information and reports regarding the suitability of potential key employees or other parties who may be involved in material transactions or relationships with us.

 

General Gaming Regulations in Other Jurisdictions

 

If we become involved in gaming operations in any other jurisdictions, such gaming operations will subject us and certain of our officers, directors, key employees, stockholders and other affiliates to strict legal and regulatory requirements, including mandatory licensing and approval requirements, suitability requirements, and ongoing regulatory oversight with respect to such gaming operations. There can be no assurance that we will obtain all of the necessary licenses, approvals and findings of suitability or that our officers, directors, key employees, other affiliates and certain other stockholders will satisfy the suitability requirements in one or more jurisdictions, or that such licenses, approvals and findings of suitability, if obtained, will not be revoked, limited, suspended or not renewed in the future.

 

Failure by us to obtain, or the loss or suspension of, any necessary licenses, approval or findings of suitability would prevent us from conducting gaming operations in such jurisdiction and possibly in other jurisdictions.

 

Employees

 

As of April 30, 2016, we employed approximately 1,280 people.

 

Available Information

 

We make available on our website (www.nevadagold.com) under “Investor Relations - SEC Filings,” free of charge, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). These reports are also available at the SEC’s website www.sec.gov.

 

Item 1A.   Risk Factors

 

The following is a description of those factors that we consider our key challenges and risks:

 

 5

 

 

Financing future acquisitions may be difficult.

 

Our principal challenge is the necessity to obtain financing in order to expand gaming operations. There can be no assurance that such financing will be obtained.

 

If our key personnel leave us, our business could be adversely affected.

 

Our success is largely dependent upon the efforts and skills of our key executive officers. The loss of the services of any key executive officer could have a material adverse effect on us. There can be no assurance that we would be able to attract and hire suitable replacements in the event of any such loss of services. We currently have employment agreements with our President/Chief Executive Officer, our Vice President/Chief Financial Officer, our Vice President/Chief Compliance Officer and our Vice President/Washington Operations.

 

Indebtedness could adversely affect our financial health.

 

On December 1, 2015, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into a new $23,000,000 Reducing Revolving Credit Agreement with Mutual of Omaha Bank (the “Credit Facility”). The maturity date of the Credit Facility is November 30, 2020, and is secured by liens on substantially all of the real and personal property of the Company and its subsidiaries. At April 30, 2016, outstanding indebtedness was $17,172,777.

 

As of April 30, 2016, scheduled principal payments on the Credit Facility are as follows:

 

May 1, 2016 – April 30, 2017  $- 
May 1, 2017 – April 30, 2018  $490,000 
May 1, 2018 – April 30, 2019  $2,500,000 
May 1, 2019 – April 30, 2020  $2,500,000 
May 1, 2020 – November 30, 2020  $11,682,777 

 

The Credit Facility contains customary covenants for a facility of this nature, including, but not limited to, covenants requiring the preservation and maintenance of the Company’s assets and covenants restricting our ability to merge, transfer ownership, incur additional indebtedness, encumber assets and make certain investments.  The Credit Facility also contains covenants requiring the Company to maintain certain financial ratios including a maximum total leverage ratio ranging from 3.00 to 1.00 through January 31, 2017, 2.75 to 1.00 from February 1, 2017 through January 31, 2018, and 2.50 to 1.00 from February 1, 2018 until maturity; and lease adjusted fixed charge coverage ratio of no less than 1.15 to 1.00. We are in compliance with the covenant requirements of the Credit Facility as of April 30, 2016.

 

As we increase our debt, our indebtedness could have important consequences and significant effects on our business and future operations. For example, it could:

 

·increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions or a downturn in our business;
·limit our ability to fund future working capital, capital expenditures and other general operating requirements;
·place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt or greater resources; and
·limit our ability to borrow additional funds.

 

The occurrence of any one of these events or conditions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, prospects, ability to service or otherwise satisfy our obligations.

 

We will require cash to service our indebtedness and fund our gaming operations. Our ability to generate cash depends on many factors beyond our control.

 

Our success in funding our gaming operations will depend on our ability to generate cash flow from our gaming operations. Our ability to generate sufficient cash flow to satisfy our debt obligations will depend on our future operating performance that is subject to many economic, competitive, regulatory and business factors that are beyond our control. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow to service our debt obligations, we will need to refinance or restructure our debt, sell assets, reduce or delay capital investments or seek to raise additional capital. These measures may not be available to us or, if available, they may not be sufficient to enable us to satisfy our obligations and may restrict our ability to pay operating expenses. If our cash flow is insufficient and we are unable to implement one or more of these alternatives, we may not be able to service our debt obligations or fund our gaming operations.

 

 6

 

 

We face significant competition from other gaming operations that could have a material adverse effect on our future operations.

 

There is intense competition among companies in the gaming industry, many of which have significantly greater resources than we do. We compete with numerous casinos of varying quality and size in market areas where our properties are located. The gaming business is characterized by competitors that vary considerably by their size, quality of facilities, number of operations, brand identities, marketing and growth strategies, financial strength and capabilities, level of amenities, management talent and geographic diversity. In most markets, we compete directly with other casino facilities in the immediate and surrounding market areas. If our competitors operate more successfully, if competitors’ properties are enhanced or expanded, or if additional casinos are established in and around locations in which we conduct business, we may lose market share. The expansion of casino gaming in or near any geographic area from which we attract or expect to attract a significant number of our customers could have a significant adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are subject to extensive governmental gaming regulation that could adversely affect us. We could be prevented from pursuing future development projects caused by changes in the laws, regulations and ordinances (including tribal or local laws) that apply to gaming facilities or the inability of us or our key personnel, significant shareholders or joint venture partners to obtain or retain gaming regulatory licenses.

 

The gaming industry is highly regulated and we must maintain our licenses in order to continue our operations. Each of our gaming operations is subject to extensive regulation under the laws, rules and regulations of the jurisdiction where located. These laws, rules and regulations generally concern the responsibility, financial stability and character of the owners, managers, and persons with financial interests in the gaming operations. Certain jurisdictions empower their regulators to investigate participation by licensees in gaming outside their jurisdiction and require access to and periodic reports concerning the gaming activities. Violations of laws in one jurisdiction could result in disciplinary action in other jurisdictions. Regulatory authorities have broad powers with respect to the licensing of casino operations and may revoke, suspend, condition or limit our gaming or other licenses, impose substantial fines and take other actions, any one of which could have a significant adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The rapidly changing political and regulatory environment governing the gaming industry (including gaming operations which are conducted on Indian land) makes it impossible for us to accurately predict the effects that an adoption of or changes in the gaming laws, regulations and ordinances will have on us. However, the failure of us, or any of our key personnel, significant shareholders or joint venture partners, to obtain or retain required gaming regulatory licenses could prevent us from expanding into new markets, prohibit us from generating revenues in certain jurisdictions, and subject us to sanctions and fines.

 

Our business is subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations in addition to gaming regulations. These laws and regulations include, but are not limited to, restrictions and conditions concerning alcoholic beverages, environmental matters, employees, currency transactions, taxation, zoning and building codes, and marketing and advertising. Such laws and regulations could change or could be interpreted differently in the future, or new laws and regulations could be enacted. Material changes, new laws or regulations, or material differences in interpretations by courts or governmental authorities could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition. Legislative changes beyond our control such as minimum wage and tax rates, among others, may impact our profitability. We cannot ensure that we will be able to comply with or conduct business in accordance with applicable regulations.

 

We could fail to monetize recorded assets.

 

We have receivables that are expected to be collected. If we are not able to collect or monetize these assets timely, the lack of such collection may have a negative impact on our projected cash flow. Failure to monetize our recorded assets could have adverse effects on our business, financial condition, results of operations, prospects, ability to service or otherwise satisfy our obligations.

 

Our information technology and other systems are subject to cyber security risk including misappropriation of customer information or other breaches of information security.

 

We rely on information technology and other systems to maintain and transmit customers' personal and financial information, credit card settlements, credit card funds transmissions, and mailing lists. We have taken steps designed to safeguard our customers' confidential personal information. However, our information and processes are subject to the ever-changing threat of compromised security, in the form of a risk of potential breach, system failure, computer virus, or unauthorized or fraudulent use by customers, company employees, or employees of third party vendors. The steps we take to deter and mitigate these risks may not be successful, and any resulting compromise or loss of data or systems could adversely impact operations or regulatory compliance and could result in remedial expenses, fines, litigation, disclosures, and loss of reputation, potentially impacting our financial results. Further, as cyber-attacks continue to evolve, we may incur significant costs in our attempts to modify or enhance our protective measures or investigate or remediate any vulnerability.

 

There are significant risks in the development and management of casinos that could adversely affect our financial results.

 

The development and management of casinos require the satisfaction of various conditions, many of which are beyond our control. The failure to satisfy any of such conditions may significantly delay the completion of a project or prevent a project's completion altogether.

 

 7

 

 

The opening of any facility will be contingent upon, among other things, the receipt of all regulatory licenses, permits, approvals and authorizations, the completion of construction and the hiring and training of sufficient personnel. The scope of the approvals to construct and open a casino is extensive, and the failure to obtain such approvals could prevent or delay the completion of construction or opening of all or part of such casino. No assurance can be given that development activities will begin or will be completed, or that the budget for such a project will not be exceeded, or that we will have the continuing support of the community.

 

In addition, the regulatory approvals necessary for the construction and operation of casinos are often challenged in litigation brought by government entities, citizens groups and other organizations and individuals. Such litigation can significantly delay the construction and opening of casinos.

 

Major construction projects entail significant risks, including shortages of materials or skilled labor, unforeseen engineering, environmental and/or geological problems, work stoppages, weather interference, and unanticipated cost increases. Delays or difficulties in obtaining any of the requisite licenses, permits, allocations and authorizations from regulatory authorities could increase the total cost, delay or prevent the construction or opening of any casino development. In addition, once developed, no assurances can be given that we will be able to manage the casino on a profitable basis or to attract a sufficient number of guests, gaming customers and other visitors to make the operation profitable.

 

With each project, we are subject to the risk that our investment may be lost if the project cannot obtain adequate financing to complete development and open the casino successfully. In some cases, we may be forced to provide more financing than originally planned in order to complete development, thereby increasing our risk.

 

Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2.     Properties

 

As a result of acquiring facilities in Washington, we own the buildings for the Crazy Moose Casino in Pasco and Coyote Bob Casino’s in Kennewick. In addition we have real property leases as follows:

 

Washington Casinos.

 

·Crazy Moose Casino in Mountlake Terrace has a building lease which expires in May of 2020 with an option to renew for an additional term of five years.
·Crazy Moose Casino in Pasco has a parking lot lease which is leased on a monthly basis.
·Silver Dollar Casino in SeaTac has a building lease which expires in May of 2022 with an option to renew for an additional term of 10 years.
·Silver Dollar Casino in Renton has a building lease which expires in April of 2019 with an option to renew for up to two additional terms of 10 years each.
·Silver Dollar Casino in Bothell has a building lease which expires in April of 2022 with an option to renew for two additional terms of 5 years.
·Club Hollywood Casino in Shoreline has casino building and parking lot leases which expire in March of 2022 with options to renew for up to three additional five-year terms.
·Royal Casino in Everett has a building lease which expires in January of 2021 with an option to renew for up to three additional five-year terms.
·Administrative offices lease in Renton expires in October of 2018.
·Red Dragon Casino in Mountlake Terrace has a building lease which expires in October of 2021 with an option to renew for up to two additional five-year terms.

 

South Dakota. We have an administrative center lease which expires in January of 2017 with an option to renew for an additional five-year term.

 

Gold Mountain Development. Through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Gold Mountain Development, LLC, we sold approximately 268 acres of undeveloped land in the vicinity of Black Hawk, Colorado. However, the transaction is accounted for under the deposit method, recording the down payment as a liability and effectively deferring the recognition of the sale until the buyer’s investment is at least 20% of the initial purchase price. We continue to recognize the land on our balance sheet, classified as real estate held for sale, and valued at the selling price of $750,000.

 

 8

 

 

Colorado Grande Casino. Through our wholly-owned subsidiary, CGE Assets, Inc. (formerly, Colorado Grande Enterprises, Inc.), we leased a portion of a building in Cripple Creek, Colorado, and an adjacent parking lot, for use in connection with the Colorado Grande Casino and hotel facilities. Although this lease was assigned to G Investments, LLC as a result of the sale of the Colorado Grande Casino, which occurred on May 25, 2012, we retained contingent liability of the tenant’s obligations under this lease through May 24, 2017.

 

Club Fortune Casino. In December 2015, we acquired Club Fortune Casino in Henderson, Nevada, which includes the 35,000 square foot building and 8.1 acres of land.  We rent land and administrative buildings adjacent to our property.

 

Office Lease. We currently lease 3,131 square feet of office space for our corporate headquarters in Las Vegas, Nevada. The lease expires on February 1, 2017.

 

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

 

We are currently not involved in any material legal proceedings.

 

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Part II

 

Item 5.    Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock is traded on the NYSE MKT Stock Exchange (formerly, the NYSE Amex) under the symbol “UWN.” The following table sets forth the high and low sales prices per share of the common stock for the last two fiscal years.

 

   Fiscal Year Ended 
   April 30, 2016   April 30, 2015 
   High   Low   High   Low 
                 
First Quarter  $2.19   $1.50   $1.25   $0.99 
Second Quarter  $1.81   $1.50   $1.27   $1.12 
Third Quarter  $2.40   $1.74   $1.34   $1.20 
Fourth Quarter  $2.19   $1.98   $1.81   $1.20 

 

Holders of Common Stock

 

As of June 30, 2016, we had approximately 4,128 holders of our common stock, which includes the number of record holders and participants in security position listings.

 

Dividends

 

We have not paid any dividends and our current policy is to retain earnings to provide for our growth and repayment of debt. Consequently, no cash dividends are expected to be paid on our common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Equity Compensation Plan

 

The following table gives information about our shares of common stock that may be issued upon the exercise of options, warrants, and rights under all of our existing equity compensation plans as of April 30, 2016 including the 2009 Equity Incentive Plan and the 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended, as well as shares of our common stock that may be issued under individual compensation arrangements that were not approved by our stockholders.

 

 9

 

 

Plan Category  Number of
Securities
To be Issued Upon
Exercise of
Outstanding
Options, Warrants
and Rights
(A)
   Weighted Average
Exercise Price of
Outstanding
Options,
Warrants and
Rights
   Number of Securities
Remaining Available for
Future Issuance Under
Equity Compensation
Plans Excluding
Securities
Reflected in Column (A)
 
             
Equity Compensation Plans Approved by Security Holders   705,000   $1.08    672,400 
Equity Compensation Plans Not Approved by Security Holders      $     
Total   705,000   $1.08    672,400 

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

During the year ended April 30, 2016, we issued 1,190,476 shares in connection with our purchase of the Club Fortune Casino. During the year ended April 30, 2015, we did not sell any shares.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

During the years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, we did not repurchase any shares.

 

Item 6.    Selected Financial Data

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and Notes thereto contained in Item 8 herein. Management is of the opinion that inflation and changing prices will have little, if any, effect on our consolidated financial position or results of our operations.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our critical accounting policies and estimates involve the use of assumptions, estimates and/or judgments in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. An accounting estimate is an approximation made by management of a financial statement element, item or account in the consolidated financial statements. Accounting estimates in our historical consolidated financial statements measure the effects of past business transactions or events, or the present status of an asset or liability. The accounting estimates described below require us to make assumptions about matters that are uncertain at the time the estimate is made. Additionally, different estimates that we could have used or changes in an accounting estimate that are reasonably likely to occur could have a material impact on the presentation of our consolidated financial condition or results of operations. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable in the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments. These estimates may change as new events occur, as more experience is acquired, as additional information is obtained and as our operating environment changes. Our significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this report. We have discussed the development and selection of our critical accounting policies and related disclosures with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors and have identified the following critical accounting policies for the current fiscal year.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

We consolidate entities when we have the ability to control the operating and financial decisions and policies of that entity and record the portion we do not own as non-controlling interest. The determination of our ability to control, or exert significant influence over, an entity involves the use of judgment. We apply the equity method of accounting if we can exert significant influence over, but do not control the policies and decisions of an entity. We use the cost method of accounting if we are unable to exert significant influence over the entity.

 

 10

 

 

Goodwill, Other Intangible Assets, and Other Long-Lived Assets

 

In connection with our acquisitions of the nine Washington mini-casinos from May 12, 2009 to July 18, 2011, the acquisition of the South Dakota slot route operation in South Dakota on January 27, 2012, and the acquisition of Club Fortune Casino on December 1, 2015, we have goodwill and identifiable intangible assets of $23.0 million, net of amortization. Goodwill represents a significant portion of our total assets. We review goodwill for impairment annually or more frequently if certain impairment indicators arise under the provisions of authoritative guidance. We review goodwill at the reporting unit level, which is the same as our operating segments. We compare the carrying value of the net assets of each reporting unit to the estimated fair value of the reporting unit, based upon a multiple of estimated earnings and on a discounted cash flow method. If the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the reporting unit, an impairment indicator exists and an estimate of the impairment loss is calculated. The fair value calculation includes multiple assumptions and estimates, including the projected cash flows and discount rates. Changes in these assumptions and estimates could result in goodwill impairment that could materially adversely impact our financial position or results of operations. All of our goodwill is attributable to reporting units within our gaming operations.

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair market value of net assets acquired. The Company acquired the South Dakota route in January of 2012 for approximately $5.1 million. Goodwill for our South Dakota operations was $1.1 million and $1.9 million as of April 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company’s review of goodwill associated with the South Dakota operations as of April 30, 2016, resulted in a $0.8 million impairment of goodwill using market and income valuations. The calculations and key assumptions, contemplate changes for both current year and future year estimates in earnings and the impact of these changes to the fair value of the route.

 

Long-lived assets, including property, plant and equipment and amortizable intangible assets also comprise a significant portion of our total assets. We evaluate the carrying value of long-lived assets if impairment indicators are present or if other circumstances indicate that impairment may exist under authoritative guidance. When management believes impairment indicators may exist, projections of the undiscounted future cash flows associated with the use of and eventual disposition of long-lived assets held for use are prepared. If the projections indicate that the carrying value of the long-lived assets are not recoverable, we reduce the carrying values to fair value. For property held for sale, we compare the carrying values to an estimate of fair value less selling costs to determine potential impairment. We test for impairment of long-lived assets at the lowest level for which cash flows are measurable. These impairment tests are heavily influenced by assumptions and estimates that are subject to change as additional information becomes available.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

We establish provisions for losses on accounts and notes receivable if we determine that we will not collect all or part of the outstanding balance. We regularly review collectability and establish or adjust our allowance as necessary using the specific identification method. We make advances to third parties under executed promissory notes for project costs related to the development of gaming and entertainment properties. Due diligence is conducted by our management with the assistance of legal counsel prior to entering into arrangements with third parties to provide financing in connection with their efforts to secure and develop the properties. Repayment terms are largely dependent upon the operating performance of each opportunity for which the funds have been loaned. Interest income is not accrued until it is reasonably assured that the project will be completed and that there will be sufficient profits from the facility to cover the interest to be earned under the respective note. If projected cash flows are not sufficient to recover amounts due, the note is evaluated to determine the appropriate discount to be recorded on the note for it to be considered a performing note. If the note is performing, interest is recorded using the effective interest method based on the value of the discounted note balance. See the Notes Receivable footnote in our consolidated financial statements.

 

We review on an annual basis, or more frequently, each of our notes receivable to evaluate whether the collection of such note receivable is still probable. In our analysis, we review the economic feasibility and the current financial, legislative and development status of the project. If our analysis indicates that the project is no longer economically feasible, the note receivable would be written down to its estimated fair value.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We record revenues from casino operations. The retail value of food and beverage and other services furnished to guests without charge is included in gross revenue and deducted as promotional allowances. Net revenues do not include the retail amount of food, beverage and other items provided gratuitously to customers. We record the redemption of coupons and points for cash as a reduction of revenue. These amounts are included in promotional allowances in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The estimated cost of providing such complimentary services that is included in casino expense in the consolidated statements of operations was as follows:

 

   Fiscal Year Ended 
   April 30, 2016   April 30, 2015 
Food and beverage  $4,477,148   $3,198,214 
Other   171,187    146,148 
Total cost of complimentary services  $4,648,335   $3,344,362 

 

 11

 

 

Accrued Jackpot Liability

 

We accrue slot jackpot liability as games are played under a matching concept of coin-in. In addition, as of April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, we also maintained approximately $1,460,000 and $1,755,000, respectively, in player-supported jackpot accrued liability. Player-supported jackpot is a progressive game of chance directly related to the play or outcome of an authorized non-house-banked card game separately funded by our patrons. Any jackpots hit in these card games are paid from such reserved funds.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for income taxes. Under this approach, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized based on anticipated future tax consequences, using currently enacted tax laws, attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. We record current income taxes based on our current taxable income, and we provide for deferred income taxes to reflect estimated future tax payments and receipts. We account for tax credits under the flow-through method, which reduces the provision for income taxes in the year the tax credits first become available. We reduce deferred tax assets by a valuation allowance when, based on our estimates, it is more likely than not that a portion of those assets will not be realized in a future period.

 

We recognize the impact of uncertain tax positions in our financial statements only if that position is more likely than not of not being sustained upon examination by the taxing authority. Should interest and penalty be incurred as a result of a review of our income tax returns, we will record the interest and penalty in accordance with applicable guidance.

 

Accrued Contingent Liability

 

We assess our exposure to loss contingencies including legal matters. If a potential loss is justified, probable, and able to be quantified, we will provide for the exposure. If the actual loss from a contingency differs from management’s estimate, operating results could be impacted. As of April 30, 2016 and 2015, we did not record any accrued litigation liability.

 

Fair Value

 

United States generally accepted accounting principles defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurements. The valuation hierarchy categorizes assets and liabilities measured at fair value into one of three different levels depending on the observability of the inputs employed in the measurement. The three levels are as follows:

 

Level 1 – Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 – Other inputs that are observable directly or indirectly such as quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

 

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data and which we make our own assumptions about how market participants would price the assets and liabilities.

 

The following describes the valuation methodologies used by us to measure fair value:

 

Real estate held for sale is recorded at fair value less selling costs.

 

Goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets are recorded at carrying value and tested for impairment annually, or more frequently, using projections of undiscounted future cash flows.

 

Interest rate swaps are adjusted on a recurring basis pursuant to accounting standards for fair value measurements. We categorize our interest rate swap as Level 2 for fair value measurement.

 

The recorded value of cash, accounts receivable, notes receivable and payable approximate carrying value based on their short term nature. The recorded value of long term debt approximates carrying value as interest rates approximate market rates.

 

 12

 

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk are primarily notes receivable, cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and payable, and long term debt. As of April 30, 2016 we had three notes receivable outstanding. Two of these notes were issued in connection with a potential gaming project and one is for the sale of the Colorado Grande Casino. Management performs periodic evaluations of the collectability of these notes. Our cash deposits are held with large, well-known financial institutions, and, at times, such deposits may be in excess of the federally insured limit. The recorded value of cash, accounts receivable and payable, approximate fair value based on their short term nature; the recorded value of long term debt approximates fair value as interest rates approximate current market rates.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Compensation cost for stock options granted are based on the fair value of each award, measured by applying the Black-Scholes model on the date of grant and using the weighted-average assumptions of (i) expected volatility, (ii) expected term, (iii) expected dividend yield, (iv) risk-free interest rate and (v) forfeiture rate. Expected volatility is based on historical volatility of our stock. The expected term considers the contractual term of the option as well as historical exercise and forfeiture behavior. The risk-free interest rate is based on the rates in effect on the grant date for U.S. Treasury instruments with maturities matching the relevant expected term of the award.

 

The compensation cost related to these share-based awards is recognized over the requisite service period. The requisite service period is generally the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award.

 

Executive Overview

 

We were formed in 1977 and, since 1994, have primarily been a gaming company involved in financing, developing, owning and operating gaming facilities. Our gaming facility operations are located in the United States of America (the “U.S.”), specifically in the states of Nevada, Washington and South Dakota. We own nine mini-casinos in Washington State, which were acquired in three separate purchases between May of 2009 and July of 2011. On January 27, 2012, we acquired all of the shares of A.G. Trucano, Son & Grandsons, Inc., a slot machine route operation in Deadwood, South Dakota. On December 1, 2015, we acquired the assets of Club Fortune Casino in Henderson, NV. Our business strategy will continue to focus on gaming projects with a continued emphasis on owning and operating gaming establishments. If we are successful, both our future revenues and profitability can be expected to increase.

 

Comparison of Fiscal Years Ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015

 

Net revenues. Net revenues increased 9.3%, to $70.3 million from $64.3 million, for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016 compared to the fiscal year ended April 30, 2015. The increase was primarily due to the December 1, 2015 acquisition of Club Fortune which contributed $6.1 million of net revenues after the acquisition. Washington net revenues were $56.7 million this year compared to $56.0 million in the prior year. Two of our locations benefited from the closure of a competitor. South Dakota revenues decreased $0.9 million as a result of the July 2015 closure of one of the businesses that had 45 units in operation. Overall, casino revenues increased 9.7%, or $5.5 million, primarily due to Club Fortune’s $5.5 million of casino revenue. Food and beverage, net of promotional allowances, increased by $0.2 million, or 3.6%, also due to the addition of Club Fortune.

 

Total operating expenses. Total operating expenses increased 9.7% to $67.0 million from $61.1 million, for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016, compared to the fiscal ended April 30, 2015. The increase was primarily due to Club Fortune operating expenses, which were $5.8 million. Excluding Club Fortune’s expenses, casino expenses decreased $0.7 million, or 2.3%, primarily resulting from the sale of our Washington Golden Nugget property and lower revenue driven commissions and gaming taxes at our South Dakota slot route. Exclusive of Club Fortune’s expenses, food and beverage expenses decreased $0.2 million, or 3.2%, and marketing and administrative expenses decreased $0.5 million, or 3.2%, both primarily from the sale of the Golden Nugget property. Corporate expenses increased $0.8 million when compared to the prior year primarily due to acquisition related expenses of $0.6 million. Facilities, other, and depreciation and amortization expenses remained relatively steady compared to the prior fiscal year on a same property basis. The net gain on the sale of assets is primarily from the $0.2 million gain on the sale of the Golden Nugget property. The write down of $1.2 million is the result of the $0.8 million South Dakota impairment charge and the $0.4 million carrying value adjustment of the Colorado land to the sales contract price.

 

Non-operating expenses. Interest expense and amortization of loan costs increased slightly over the prior fiscal year. Interest expense increased as a result of the increased debt but was partially offset by reduced loan cost amortization. We recorded a $0.2 million change in the fair value of the interest rate swap primarily as a result of refinancing.

 

Income taxes. The effective tax rates for the years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, were 48.4% and 32.9%, respectively. The increase in the tax rate as of April 30, 2016, as compared to the same period of the prior year is primarily due to the impairment of the nondeductible South Dakota goodwill, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets related to accrued expenses, higher non-deductible expenses and prior year tax return to provision adjustments.

 

 13

 

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

The term “adjusted EBITDA” is used by us in presentations, quarterly earnings calls, and other instances as appropriate. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, non-cash goodwill and other long-lived asset impairment charges, write-offs of project development costs, acquisition costs, litigation charges, non-cash stock grants, non-cash employee stock purchase plan discounts, exclusion of income or loss from assets held for sale, and net losses/gains from asset dispositions. Adjusted EBITDA is presented because it is a required component of financial ratios reported by us to our lenders, and it is also frequently used by securities analysts, investors, and other interested parties, in addition to and not in lieu of GAAP results, to compare to the performance of other companies that also publicize this information.

 

Adjusted EBITDA is not a measurement of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income or cash flow as an indicator of our operating performance or any other measure of performance derived in accordance with GAAP.

 

The following table shows adjusted EBITDA by operating unit:

 

   Adjusted EBITDA 
For the fiscal year ended:  Washington   South Dakota   Nevada   Corporate -
Other
   Total 
Ápril 30, 2016  $9,091,898   $374,025   $832,006   $(2,497,344)  $7,800,585 
                          
Ápril 30, 2015  $7,361,164   $615,192   $-   $(2,332,151)  $5,644,205 

 

Adjusted EBITDA reconciliation to net income:

 

   Fiscal year ended 
   April 30, 2016   April 30, 2015 
         
Net income  $1,301,046   $1,807,077 
Adjustments:          
Net interest expense   628,315    587,872 
Income tax expense   1,221,497    885,819 
Depreciation and amortization   2,608,616    2,168,003 
Club Fortune acquisition expenses   641,472    - 
Write downs and other charges   1,185,000    - 
Deferred rent amortization   35,900    23,744 
Stock option amortization   114,698    113,526 
Employee stock purchase discount   4,671    7,331 
Decrease in swap fair value   217,781    10,600 
Write off of marketable securities   -    7,539 
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets   (158,411)   32,694 
Adjusted EBITDA  $7,800,585   $5,644,205 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Historical Cash Flows

 

The following table sets forth our consolidated net cash provided by (used in) operating, investing and financing activities for the fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015:

 

   Fiscal Year Ended 
  

April 30,

2016

  

April 30,

2015

 
Cash provided by (used in):          
Operating activities  $6,371,227   $5,951,452 
Investing activities  $(13,059,923)  $(306,950)
Financing activities  $9,730,133   $(4,841,817)

 

 14

 

 

Operating activities. Net cash provided by operating activities during the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016 increased $0.4 million compared to the same period in the fiscal year ended April 30, 2015. This increase resulted primarily from the addition of Club Fortune and the improved operating income from our Washington segment, partially offset by the increase in working capital.

 

Investing activities. Net cash used in investing activities during the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016 increased $12.8 million compared to the same period in the fiscal year ended April 30, 2015. The increase resulted from $13.3 million used to acquire Club Fortune.

 

Financing activities. Financing activities provided $9.7 million and used $4.8 million for fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, respectively. The activity for the year ended April 30, 2016 is primarily attributable to the increase in our credit facility, partially offset by principal payments.

 

Future Sources and Uses of Cash

 

We expect that our future liquidity and capital requirements will be affected by:

 

-capital requirements related to future acquisitions;
-cash flow from operations;
-working capital requirements;
-obtaining debt financing; and
 - debt service requirements.

 

On June 29, 2015, the Company sold its Golden Nugget casino in Tukwila, Washington for $0.3 million in cash. A gain on the sale of assets of $0.2 million was recorded in the first quarter of fiscal year ending April 30, 2016. Net proceeds from the sale were used to further reduce the Company’s debt. The Golden Nugget generated a $0.3 million operating loss for the year ended April 30, 2015.

 

At April 30, 2016, outstanding indebtedness was $17,172,777 and scheduled principal payments on the Credit Facility are as follows:

 

May 1, 2016 – April 30, 2017  $- 
May 1, 2017 – April 30, 2018  $490,000 
May 1, 2018 – April 30, 2019  $2,500,000 
May 1, 2019 – April 30, 2020  $2,500,000 
May 1, 2020 – November 30, 2020  $11,682,777 

 

On April 30, 2016, excluding restricted cash of $1,433,728, we had cash and cash equivalents of $11,583,107. The restricted cash consists of progressive liabilities and player supported jackpots.

 

Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that we will have adequate availability of cash resources to satisfy our liabilities in the normal course of business. We have made arrangements to ensure that we have sufficient working capital to fund our obligations as they come due. We believe that funds from operations will provide sufficient working capital for us to meet our obligations as they come due; however, there can be no assurance that we will be successful. Should cash resources not be sufficient to meet our current obligations as they come due, repay or refinance our long-term debt, and acquire operations that generate positive cash flow, we would be required to curtail our activities and maintain, or grow, at a pace that cash resources could support.

 

Liquidity

 

The current ratio is an indication of a company's market liquidity and ability to meet creditor's demands. Acceptable current ratios vary from industry to industry and are generally between 1.25 and 3 for healthy businesses. If a company's current ratio is in this range, then it generally indicates good short-term financial strength. If current liabilities exceed current assets (the current ratio is below 1), then a company may have problems meeting its short-term obligations. As of April 30, 2016, we have a 2.74 current ratio, sufficient to service debt and maintain operations.

 

Indebtedness

 

On November 30, 2015, the Company amended its existing credit agreement with Mutual of Omaha Bank to increase the lending commitment to $23 million.  The Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (“Credit Facility”) matures on November 30, 2020, and is secured by liens on substantially all of the real and personal property of the Company and its subsidiaries. The interest rate on the borrowing is based on LIBOR plus an Applicable Margin, determined quarterly beginning April 1, 2016, based on the total leverage ratio for the trailing twelve month period. The initial Applicable Margin was 4.00% until April 1, 2016, when the first quarterly pricing change took effect, and decreased to 3.00%. As of July 1, the Applicable Margin is 2.50%. In addition, the Company was required to fix the interest rate on at least 50% of the credit facility through a swap agreement.

 

 15

 

 

The Credit Facility contains customary covenants for a facility of this nature, including, but not limited to, covenants requiring the preservation and maintenance of the Company’s assets and covenants restricting our ability to merge, transfer ownership, incur additional indebtedness, encumber assets and make certain investments.  The Credit Facility also contains covenants requiring the Company to maintain certain financial ratios including a maximum total leverage ratio ranging from 3.00 to 1.00 through January 31, 2017, 2.75 to 1.00 from February 1, 2017 through January 31, 2018, and 2.50 to 1.00 from February 1, 2018 until maturity; and lease adjusted fixed charge coverage ratio of no less than 1.15 to 1.00. We are in compliance with the covenant requirements of the Credit Facility as of April 30, 2016.

 

We are required by the Credit Facility to have a secured interest rate swap for at least 50% of the Credit Facility commitment. On December 28, 2015, the Company entered into a swap transaction with Mutual of Omaha Bank (“MOOB”), which has a calculation period as of the tenth day of each month through the maturity date of the Credit Facility. As of April 30, 2016, the Company had one outstanding interest rate swap with MOOB with a notional amount of $10,875,000 at a swap rate of 1.77%, which as of April 30, 2016, effectively converts $10,875,000 of our floating-rate debt to a synthetic fixed rate of 4.77%. Under the terms of the swap agreement, the Company pays a fixed rate of 1.77% and receives variable rate based on one-month LIBOR as of the first day of each floating-rate calculation period. Under the International Swap Dealers Association, Inc. (“ISDA”) confirmation, the floating index as of April 30, 2016 is set at 0.4347%.

 

The Company did not designate the interest rate swap as a cash flow hedge and the interest rate swap did not qualify for hedge accounting under ASC Topic 815. Changes in our interest rate swap fair value are recorded in our consolidated statements of operations. Each quarter, the Company receives fair value statements from the counterparty, MOOB. The fair value of the interest rate swap is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of the derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including forward interest rate curves. To comply with the provisions of ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, the Company incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect both its own nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements. As a result of our evaluation of our interest rate swap, we recorded a $217,781 decrease in our interest rate swap fair value for the year ended April 30, 2016. As of April 30, 2016, our interest rate swap fair value is a $286,731 liability which is included in other long-term liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

None.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements and Legislation Issued

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued amended accounting guidance that changes the accounting for leases and requires expanded disclosures about leasing activities. Under the new guidance, lessees will be required to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, measured on a discounted basis, at the commencement date for all leases with terms greater than twelve months. Lessor accounting will remain largely unchanged, other than certain targeted improvements intended to align lessor accounting with the lessee accounting model and with the updated revenue recognition guidance issued in 2014. Lessees and lessors must apply a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. The amended guidance is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2018, and early application is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its financial position and results of operations.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued final guidance that requires companies to classify all deferred tax assets and liabilities as noncurrent on the balance sheet instead of separating deferred taxes into current and noncurrent amounts. The guidance is effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this guidance in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016. The adoption had no effect on the Company's results of operations.

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued amended accounting guidance that changes the balance sheet presentation of debt issuance costs. Under the amended guidance, debt issuance costs will be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the related debt liability rather than as an asset. In August 2015, the FASB issued Update 2015-15, which further clarifies the presentation and subsequent measurement of debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements. Debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit of arrangements can be recorded as an asset and subsequently amortized ratably over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement. For public companies, the new guidance is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015 (including interim periods within those fiscal years), and is required to be applied on a retrospective basis. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this guidance in the third quarter of fiscal 2016. The adoption had no effect on the Company's results of operations.

 

 16

 

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued a new accounting standard for revenue recognition which requires entities to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard supersedes the existing accounting guidance for revenue recognition, including industry-specific guidance, and amends certain accounting guidance for recognition of gains and losses on the transfer of non-financial assets. For public companies, the new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2017. Early application is permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 (including interim periods within those periods). Upon adoption, financial statement issuers may elect to apply the new standard either retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented, or using a modified retrospective approach by recognizing the cumulative effect of initial application and providing certain additional disclosures. The Company will adopt this guidance in the first quarter of 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its financial position and results of operations, and has not yet determined which adoption method it will elect.

 

In April 2014, the FASB issued amended accounting guidance that changes the criteria for reporting discontinued operations and expands the related disclosure requirements. This guidance is effective in the first quarter of our fiscal year 2016. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 with no material impact on our financial position or results of operations. The Golden Nugget casino was not considered a significant component of the Company and therefore the sale was not treated as discontinued operations. See Goodwill and Intangible Assets footnote.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued amended accounting guidance that defines management’s responsibility to evaluate a company’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures.  For each reporting period, management will be required to evaluate whether there are conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about a company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the date the financial statements are issued. The amendments are effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is permitted.  The Company will adopt this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and does not expect the adoption to have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

 

A variety of proposed or otherwise potential accounting guidance is currently under study by standard-setting organizations and certain regulatory agencies. Due to the tentative and preliminary nature of such proposed accounting guidance, the Company has not yet determined the effect, if any, that the implementation of such proposed accounting guidance would have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

Item 8.      Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

The information required under Item 310(a) of Regulation S-K is included in this report as set forth in the “Index to Consolidated Financial Statements.” See Index to consolidated financial statements.

 

Item 9.      Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

None.

 

Item 9A.   Controls and Procedures

 

(a)   Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the SEC’s rules and forms, and that information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

In accordance with Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our CEO and CFO, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report.  As described below under Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, our CEO and CFO have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.

 

 17

 

 

(b)   Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act, as amended. Our internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP. Our internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:

 

1.Pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets;

2.Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors; and

3.Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of the inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of April 30, 2016. In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control-Integrated Framework 2013. Management, including our CEO and CFO, has concluded that the internal control over financial reporting was effective as of April 30, 2016.

 

(c)Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

(d)Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.

 

This annual report does not include an attestations report of our independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to the rules of the SEC that permit us to provide only Management’s report in this annual report.

 

Item 9B.   Other Information

 

None.

Part III

 

Item 10.   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

We have adopted a Code of Ethics that applies to directors, officers and employees, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer. Our Code of Ethics is posted on our website at http://www.nevadagold.com, under Investor Relations – Investor Info. Changes to and waivers granted with respect to this Code of Ethics related to our officers, other executive officers and directors are required to be disclosed pursuant to applicable rules and regulations of the SEC, will also be posted on our website, and a Current Report on Form 8-K will be filed within four business days of the change or waiver.

 

The other information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our definitive proxy statement for our next Annual Stockholders Meeting to be filed with the SEC pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report.

 

Item 11.   Executive Compensation

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our definitive proxy statement for our next Annual Stockholders Meeting to be filed with the SEC pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report.

 

 18

 

 

Item 12.   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our definitive proxy statement for our next Annual Stockholders Meeting to be filed with the SEC pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report.

 

Item 13.   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our definitive proxy statement for our next Annual Stockholders Meeting to be filed with the SEC pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report.

 

Item 14.   Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

The information required by this item is incorporated by reference to our definitive proxy statement for our next Annual Stockholder Meeting to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report.

 

Part IV

 

Item 15.   Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

(a)(1) Financial Statements.

 

Included in Part II, Item 8 of this Report:

 

Consolidated Financial Statements of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015

Consolidated Statements of Operations for fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

(a)(2) Financial Statement Schedules.

 

We have omitted all schedules because they are not required or are not applicable, or the required information is shown in the consolidated financial statements or notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

(a)(3) Exhibits

 

INDEX TO EXHIBITS

 

EXHIBIT
NUMBER

  DESCRIPTION
     
3.1A   Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (filed previously as Exhibit A to the Company's definitive proxy statement filed on Schedule 14A on July 30, 2001 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
3.1B   Certificate of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (filed previously as Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed October 11, 2002 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
3.1C   Certificate of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (filed previously as Exhibit 3.3 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed November 9, 2004 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
3.1D   Certificate of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (filed previously as Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed October 17, 2007 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
3.2   Amended and Restated Bylaws of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc., effective July 24, 2007 (filed previously as Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed July 27, 2007 and incorporated herein by reference).
     

 19

 

 

4.1   Common Stock Certificate of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (filed previously as Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Form S-8/A filed June 4, 1999, file no. 333-79867, and incorporated herein by reference).
     
4.2   Second Amended and Restated Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. 1999 Stock Option Plan (filed previously as Exhibit 4.6 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed June 22, 2005, file no. 333-126027, and incorporated herein by reference).
     
4.3   Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.’s 2009 Equity Incentive Plan (filed previously as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed on April 14, 2009, file no. 333-158576, and incorporated herein by reference).
     
4.4   Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.’s 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (filed previously as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form S-8 filed on October 12, 2010, file no. 333-169892, and incorporated herein by reference).
     
10.1   First Amendment to Asset Purchase Agreement between Colorado Grande Enterprises, Inc., as seller, and G Investments, LLC, as purchaser (filed previously as Exhibits 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed May 29, 2012).
     
10.2   Credit Agreement dated December 10, 2013 by and among Mutual of Omaha Bank, as the Lender, Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc., as parent, and Restricted Subsidiaries, as borrower (filed previously as Exhibits 10.9 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed December 23, 2013).
     
10.3   Amended and Restated Credit Agreement dated November 30, 2015 by and among Mutual of Omaha Bank, as the Lender, Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc., as parent, and Restricted Subsidiaries, as borrower (filed previously as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed December 3, 2015).
     

10.4

  Asset Purchase Agreement between Gaming Ventures of Las Vegas, Inc., as seller, and Nevada Gold & Casinos LV, LLC, as buyer (filed previously as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed May 22, 2015).
     
10.5   First Amendment to Option Agreement dated April 22, 2016 between the Company and Clear Creek Development Company (filed previously as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed April 25, 2016).
     
10.6(+)   Amended Employment Agreement dated August 1, 2014 by and between Michael P. Shaunnessy and Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (filed previously as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed August 1, 2014 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
10.7(+)   Employment Agreement dated November 1, 2014 by and between James Meier and Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (filed previously as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed November 3, 2014 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
10.8(+)   Amended Employment Agreement dated January 20, 2015 by and between Victor H. Mena and Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (filed previously as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed January 21, 2015 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
10.9(+)   Employment Agreement dated April 14, 2011 by and between Ernest E. East and Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (filed previously as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed April 14, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
21.1(*)   Subsidiaries of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.
     
23.1(*)   Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.
     
31.1(*)   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
31.2(*)   Certification of Principal Financial and Accounting Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1(*)   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.2(*)   Certification Principal Financial and Accounting Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Schema
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase
     

 20

 

 

101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase

 

 

+ Management contract or compensatory plan, or arrangement.

* Filed herewith.

 

In accordance with SEC Release 33-8238, Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2 are being furnished and not filed.

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.
   
  By: /s/ James Meier
  James Meier
 

Chief Financial Officer

(Duly Authorized officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

   
  Date: July 29, 2016

 

 21

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature   Title   Date
         
/s /WILLIAM J. SHERLOCK        
William J. Sherlock   Chairman of the Board of Directors   July 29, 2016
         
/s/ WILLIAM G. JAYROE        
William G. Jayroe   Director   July 29, 2016
         
/s/ FRANK CATANIA        
Frank Catania   Director   July 29, 2016
         
/s/ FRANCIS M. RICCI        
Francis M. Ricci   Director   July 29, 2016
         
/s/ WAYNE H. WHITE        
Wayne H. White   Director   July 29, 2016
         
/s/ MICHAEL P. SHAUNNESSY   President and Chief Executive Officer    
Michael P. Shaunnessy   (Principal Executive Officer)   July 29, 2016
         
/s/ JAMES MEIER   VP and Chief Financial Officer (Principal    
James Meier   Financial and Accounting Officer)   July 29, 2016

 

 22

 

 

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

Consolidated Financial Statements of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.

 

  Page
   
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm 24
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015 25
Consolidated Statements of Operations for fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015 26

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015

27
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015 28
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements 29

 

 23

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of

Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.:

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. as of April 30, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended April 30, 2016. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. We were not engaged to perform an audit of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide for a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. at April 30, 2016 and 2015, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended April 30, 2016, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Las Vegas, Nevada

July 29, 2016

 

 24

 

 

Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

   April 30,   April 30, 
   2016   2015 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $11,583,107   $8,541,670 
Restricted cash   1,433,728    1,724,439 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances   665,549    297,316 
Prepaid expenses   1,206,825    845,505 
Notes receivable, current portion   208,294    384,464 
Inventory and other current assets   416,022    377,625 
Total current assets   15,513,525    12,171,019 
           
Real estate held for sale   750,000    1,100,000 
Notes receivable, net of current portion   900,775    1,314,467 
Goodwill   18,025,059    16,103,583 
Identifiable intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $7,997,790 and $6,811,799 at April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, respectively   5,003,981    4,561,377 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $5,641,733 and $4,451,553 at April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, respectively   15,147,061    3,990,791 
Deferred tax asset   2,348,299    3,569,796 
Other assets   70,000    70,657 
Total assets  $57,758,700   $42,881,690 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $1,702,366   $1,222,139 
Accrued payroll and related   2,094,250    1,581,557 
Accrued player's club points and progressive jackpots   1,872,566    1,993,537 
Total current liabilities   5,669,182    4,797,233 
Long-term debt   16,839,148    7,088,677 
Other long-term  liabilities   881,426    570,717 
Total liabilities   23,389,756    12,456,627 
Stockholders' equity:          
Common stock, $0.12 par value per share; 50,000,000 shares authorized; 18,571,693 and 17,134,928 shares issued and 17,788,856 and 16,352,091 shares outstanding at April 30, 2016, and April 30, 2015, respectively   2,228,612    2,056,200 
Additional paid-in capital   27,315,517    24,845,094 
Retained earnings   11,756,850    10,455,804 
Treasury stock, 782,837 shares at April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, at cost   (6,932,035)   (6,932,035)
Total stockholders' equity   34,368,944    30,425,063 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $57,758,700   $42,881,690 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 25

 

 

Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

   Year Ended 
   April 30,   April 30, 
   2016   2015 
Revenues:          
Casino  $62,232,898   $56,710,812 
Food and beverage   11,797,939    10,225,484 
Other   2,042,519    1,782,013 
Gross revenues   76,073,356    68,718,309 
Less promotional allowances   (5,732,351)   (4,368,756)
Net revenues   70,341,005    64,349,553 
           
 Expenses:          
Casino   33,924,688    31,504,355 
Food and beverage   5,451,627    5,386,699 
Other   265,600    244,253 
Marketing and administrative   18,412,053    17,209,760 
Facility   2,025,007    2,059,730 
Corporate   3,258,187    2,445,152 
Depreciation and amortization   2,608,616    2,168,003 
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets   (158,411)   32,694 
Write downs and other charges   1,185,000    - 
Total operating expenses   66,972,367    61,050,646 
Operating income   3,368,638    3,298,907 
Non-operating income (expenses):          
Interest income   94,589    117,639 
Interest expense and amortization of loan issue costs   (722,903)   (705,511)
Change in swap fair value   (217,781)   (10,600)
Write-off of marketable securities   -    (7,539)
Income before income tax   2,522,543    2,692,896 
Income tax expense   (1,221,497)   (885,819)
Net income  $1,301,046   $1,807,077 
Per share information:          
Net income per common share - basic and diluted  $0.08   $0.11 
           
Basic weighted average number of common shares outstanding   17,002,728    16,228,396 
           
Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding   17,298,373    16,345,795 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 26

 

 

Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity

 

                       Accumulated     
           Additional           Other   Total 
   Common Stock   Paid-in   Retained   Treasury   Comprehensive   Stockholders' 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Earnings   Stock   Income   Equity 
Balance at April 30, 2014   16,980,676   $2,037,689   $24,578,117   $8,648,727   $(6,932,035)  $(5,539)  $28,326,959 
Net Income   -    -    -    1,807,077    -    -    1,807,077 
Sale of marketable securities   -    -    -    -    -    5,539    5,539 
Stock options exercised   105,000    12,600    98,400    -    -    -    111,000 
Employee stock plan purchases   49,252    5,911    55,051    -    -    -    60,962 
Stock option amortization   -    -    113,526    -    -    -    113,526 
Balance at April 30, 2015   17,134,928   $2,056,200   $24,845,094   $10,455,804   $(6,932,035)  $-   $30,425,063 
Net Income   -    -    -    1,301,046    -    -    1,301,046 
Issuance of common stock   1,190,476    142,857    2,059,523    -    -    -    2,202,380 
Stock based board compensation   29,585    3,550    46,450    -    -    -    50,000 
Stock options exercised   190,000    22,800    206,500    -    -    -    229,300 
Employee stock plan purchases   26,704    3,205    43,252    -    -    -    46,457 
Stock option amortization   -    -    114,698    -    -    -    114,698 
Balance at April 30, 2016   18,571,693   $2,228,612   $27,315,517   $11,756,850   $(6,932,035)  $-   $34,368,944 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

   Year Ended 
   April 30,   April 30, 
   2016   2015 
Cash flows from operating activities:        
Net income  $1,301,046   $1,807,077 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   2,608,616    2,168,003 
Stock option amortization   114,698    113,526 
Stock grants   50,000    - 
Write off of licensing costs   54,729    - 
Amortization of deferred loan issuance costs   125,704    151,864 
Change in deferred rent   38,933    48,744 
Write downs and other charges   1,185,000    - 
Changes to restricted cash   290,711    (335,444)
Change in swap fair value   217,781    10,600 
Other   5,022    622 
Write-off of marketable securities   -    7,539 
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets   (158,411)   32,694 
Changes in deferred income taxes   1,221,497    885,819 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Receivables and other assets   (638,511)   (94,028)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   (45,588)   1,154,436 
Net cash provided by operating activities   6,371,227    5,951,452 
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Club Fortune acquisition, net of cash acquired   (13,255,314)   - 
Collections on notes receivable   589,863    364,288 
Purchase of property and equipment   (674,795)   (682,863)
Capitalized licensing costs   (103,324)   - 
Deposit received on land held for sale   75,000    - 
Proceeds from the sale of assets   308,647    11,625 
Net cash used in investing activities   (13,059,923)   (306,950)
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Employee stock plan purchases   46,457    60,962 
Proceeds from credit facilities   15,500,000    - 
Repayment of credit facilities   (5,677,223)   (5,000,000)
Repayment of capital lease   (170,391)   (13,779)
Deferred loan issuance costs   (198,010)   - 
Cash proceeds from exercise of stock options   229,300    111,000 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   9,730,133    (4,841,817)
           
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   3,041,437    802,685 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   8,541,670    7,738,985 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $11,583,107   $8,541,670 
Supplemental cash flow information:          
Cash paid for interest  $565,598   $568,699 
           
Non-cash investing and financing activities:          
Issuance of stock to finance Club Fortune acquisition  $2,202,382   $- 
Acquisition of equipment via capital lease  $-   $38,282 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1. Background and Basis of Presentation

 

Background

 

Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (“we”), a Nevada corporation, was formed in 1977 and, since 1994, has primarily been a gaming company involved in gaming projects and gaming operations. Our gaming operations are located in the United States of America (the “U.S.”), specifically in the states of Nevada, Washington and South Dakota. Our business strategy will continue to focus on gaming projects.

 

Basis of Presentation  

 

Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of all majority-owned and controlled subsidiaries after the elimination of all significant intercompany accounts and transactions.

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to conform prior year financial information to the current period presentation including reclassification of $0.3 million of property tax expenses from casino expense to administration expense and corporate expense. Those reclassifications did not impact working capital, net income or stockholders’ equity. Total assets were impacted in the prior year by the required reclassification of loan issuance costs to long-term debt (see Long-Term Debt footnote) and the treatment of all deferred tax assets as long-term.

 

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies 

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

We consolidate entities when we have the ability to control the operating and financial decisions and policies of that entity and record the portion we do not own as non-controlling interest. The determination of our ability to control, or exert significant influence over, an entity involves the use of judgment. We apply the equity method of accounting if we can exert significant influence over, but do not control the policies and decisions of an entity. We use the cost method of accounting if we are unable to exert significant influence over the entity.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period and disclosure of contingent liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to bad debts, investments, intangible assets and goodwill, property, plant and equipment, income taxes, employment benefits and contingent liabilities. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Fair Value

 

U. S. generally accepted accounting principles defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurements. The valuation hierarchy categorizes assets and liabilities measured at fair value into one of three different levels depending on the observability of the inputs employed in the measurement. The three levels are as follows:

 

Level 1 – Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 – Other inputs that are observable directly or indirectly such as quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

 

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data and which we make our own assumptions about how market participants would price the assets and liabilities.

 

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The following describes the valuation methodologies used by us to measure fair value:

 

Real estate held for sale is recorded at fair value less selling costs.

 

Goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets are recorded at carrying value and tested for impairment annually, or more frequently, using projections of undiscounted future cash flows.

 

Interest rate swaps are adjusted on a recurring basis pursuant to accounting standards for fair value measurements. We categorize our interest rate swap as Level 2 for fair value measurement.

 

Long-lived assets, including property and equipment and amortizable intangible assets, comprise a significant portion of our total assets. We evaluate the carrying value of long-lived assets if impairment indicators are present or if other circumstances indicate that impairment may exist under authoritative guidance. When management believes impairment indicators may exist, projections of the undiscounted future cash flows associated with the use of and eventual disposition of long-lived assets held for use are prepared. If the projections indicate that the carrying values of the long-lived assets are not recoverable, we reduce the carrying values to fair value. For long-lived assets held for sale, we compare the carrying values to an estimate of fair value less selling costs to determine potential impairment. We test for impairment of long-lived assets at the lowest level for which cash flows are measurable. These impairment tests are heavily influenced by assumptions and estimates that are subject to change as additional information becomes available.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents 

 

We consider short-term investments with an original maturity of less than three months to be cash equivalents.

 

We maintain cash accounts in major U.S. financial institutions. The terms of these deposits are on demand to minimize risk. The balances of these accounts occasionally exceed the federally insured limits, although no losses have been incurred in connection with such cash balances.

     

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 

 

We establish provisions for losses on accounts and notes receivable if we determine that we will not collect all or part of the outstanding balance. We regularly review collectability and establish or adjust our allowance as necessary using the specific identification method. We make advances to third parties under executed promissory notes for project costs related to the development of gaming and entertainment properties. Due diligence is conducted by our management with the assistance of legal counsel prior to entering into arrangements with third parties to provide financing in connection with their efforts to secure and develop the properties. Repayment terms are largely dependent upon the operating performance of each opportunity for which the funds have been loaned. Interest income is not accrued until it is reasonably assured that the project will be completed and that there will be sufficient profits from the facility to cover the interest to be earned under the respective note. If projected cash flows are not sufficient to recover amounts due, the note is evaluated to determine the appropriate discount to be recorded on the note for it to be considered a performing loan. If the note is performing, interest is recorded using the effective interest method based on the value of the discounted note balance.

 

Each reporting period we review each of our receivables to evaluate whether the collection of such receivable is still probable. In our analysis, we review the economic feasibility and the current financial, legislative and development status of the project. If our analysis indicates that the project is no longer economically feasible then the receivable would be written down to its estimated fair value.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk are primarily notes receivable, cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and payable, and long term debt. Management performs periodic evaluations of the collectability of these notes. Our cash deposits are held with large, well-known financial institutions, and, at times, such deposits may be in excess of the federally insured limit. The recorded value of cash, accounts receivable and payable, approximate fair value based on their short term nature; the recorded value of long term debt approximates fair value as interest rates approximate current market rates.

 

Real Estate Held for Sale

 

Real estate held for sale consists of undeveloped land located in and around Black Hawk, Colorado. Property held for sale is carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value. On April 8, 2013, we signed a one year option agreement, with two one year extensions to sell the land for an initial sale price of $1.1 million plus $118 per day after April 8, 2013. On April 22, 2016, we executed an amendment to the option agreement for the sale of the vacant land for a purchase price of $750,000. In connection with the transaction, we recorded a non-cash impairment of $350,000 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 within write downs and other changes on the consolidated statement of operations. We received a $75,000 down payment, which is included in other long-term liabilities on our balance sheet, and financed the balance at 5% interest only, with interest payable monthly, and a balloon payment of $675,000 due April 30, 2019. The transaction was accounted for under the deposit method, recording the down payment as a liability and deferring the recognition of the sale until the buyer’s investment is at least 20% of the initial purchase price.

 

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Property and Equipment

 

Expenditures for property and equipment are capitalized at cost. We depreciate property and equipment over their respective estimated useful lives, ranging from three to thirty years, using the straight-line method. When items are retired or otherwise disposed of, a gain or loss is recorded for the difference between net book value and proceeds realized. Ordinary maintenance and repairs are charged to earnings, and replacements and improvements are capitalized.

 

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

 

Goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are tested for impairment annually (on April 30) or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that may reduce the fair value of our goodwill below its carrying value.

 

We review goodwill at the reporting level unit, which is the same as our operating segments. We compare the carrying value of the net assets of each reporting unit to the estimated fair value of the reporting unit, based upon a multiple of estimated earnings and on a discounted cash flow method. If the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the reporting unit, an impairment indicator exists and an estimate of the impairment loss is calculated. The fair value calculation uses level 3 inputs and includes multiple assumptions and estimates, including the projected cash flows and discount rates. Changes in these assumptions and estimates could result in goodwill impairment that could materially adversely impact our financial position or results of operations. All of our goodwill is attributable to reporting units as disclosed in Note 5.  

    

Long-lived assets, including property, plant and equipment and amortizable intangible assets also comprise a significant portion of our total assets. We evaluate the carrying value of long-lived assets if impairment indicators are present or if circumstances indicate that impairment may exist under authoritative guidance. When management believes impairment indicators may exist, projections of the undiscounted future cash flows associated with the use of and eventual disposition of long-lived assets held for use are prepared. If the projections indicate that the carrying value of the long-lived assets are not recoverable, we reduce the carrying values to fair value. For property held for sale, we compare the carrying values to an estimate of fair value less selling costs to determine potential impairment. We test for impairment of long-lived assets at the lowest level for which cash flows are measurable. These impairment tests are heavily influenced by assumptions and estimates that are subject to change as additional information becomes available.

 

Slot Club Awards

 

We reward our slot customers for their loyalty based on the dollar amount of play on slot machines. We accrue for these slot club awards based on an estimate of the value of the outstanding awards utilizing the age and prior history of redemptions. Future events such as a change in our marketing strategy or new competition could result in a change in the value of the awards.

 

Advertising Costs

 

We expense advertising costs as incurred. Advertising expense related primarily to our casino operations and for the years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015 was approximately $3,132,000 and $2,779,000, respectively. These costs are included in marketing and administrative on our consolidated statements of operations.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We record revenues from casino operations on the accrual basis as earned. The retail value of food and beverage and other services furnished to guests without charge is included in gross revenue and deducted as promotional allowances. Net revenues do not include the retail amount of food, beverage and other items provided gratuitously to customers. We record the redemption of coupons and points for cash as a reduction of revenue as they are earned. These amounts are included in promotional allowances in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The estimated cost of providing such complimentary services that is included in casino expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations was as follows:

 

   Fiscal Year Ended 
   April 30, 2016   April 30, 2015 
Food and beverage  $4,477,148   $3,198,214 
Other   171,187    146,148 
Total cost of complimentary services  $4,648,335   $3,344,362 

 

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Accrued Jackpot Liability

 

We accrue slot jackpot liability as games are played under a matching concept of coin-in. We also maintain accrued player-supported jackpot liabilities. Player-supported jackpot is a progressive game of chance, allowed in Washington State, directly related to the play or outcome of an authorized non-house-banked card game separately funded by our patrons. Any jackpots hit in these card games are paid from such reserved funds.

 

Income Taxes

     

Income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for income taxes. Under this approach, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized based on anticipated future tax consequences, using currently enacted tax laws, attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. We record current income taxes based on our current taxable income, and we provide for deferred income taxes to reflect estimated future tax payments and receipts. We account for tax credits under the flow-through method, which reduces the provision for income taxes in the year the tax credits first become available. We reduce deferred tax assets by a valuation allowance when, based on our estimates, it is more likely than not that a portion of those assets will not be realized in a future period.

 

We recognize the impact of uncertain tax positions in our financial statements only if that position is more likely than not of being sustained upon examination by the taxing authority. Should interest and penalty be incurred as a result of a review of our income tax returns, we will record the interest and penalty in accordance with applicable guidance.

 

Stock-Based Compensation 

 

Under ASC Topic 718, “Compensation - Stock Compensation,” the fair value and compensation expense of each option award is estimated as of the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option pricing formula. Expected volatility is based on historical volatility of our stock over a preceding period commensurate with the expected term of the option. The expected term of the option is an estimate of the time that the option is expected to be outstanding and is based on our historical experience. The risk-free rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. Expected dividend yield was not considered in the option pricing formula since we historically have not paid dividends and have no current plans to do so in the future.

 

The compensation cost related to these share-based awards is recognized over the requisite service period. The requisite service period is generally the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. Total stock-based compensation for the years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015 was $114,698 and $113,526, respectively.

 

Earnings Per Share

 

Earnings per share, both basic and diluted, are presented on the consolidated statement of operations. Basic earnings per common share amounts are calculated using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share assumes the exercise of all stock options having exercise prices less than the average market price of the common stock using the “treasury stock method” and for convertible debt securities using the “if converted method”.

 

Accrued Contingent Liabilities

 

We assess our exposure to loss contingencies including legal matters. If a potential loss is justified, probable and able to be quantified, we will provide for the exposure. If the actual loss from a contingency differs from management’s estimate, operating results could be impacted. As of April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, we did not record any accrued contingent liabilities.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

 

We have managed our market risk, including interest rate risk associated with variable rate borrowings, through balancing fixed-rate and variable-rate borrowings with the use of derivative financial instruments. The fair value of derivative financial instruments are recognized as assets or liabilities at each balance sheet date, with changes in fair value affecting net income. The Company’s interest rate swap did not qualify for hedge accounting. Accordingly, change in the fair value of the interest rate swap is presented as a change in fair value of swaps in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

 

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New Accounting Pronouncements

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued amended accounting guidance that changes the accounting for leases and requires expanded disclosures about leasing activities. Under the new guidance, lessees will be required to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, measured on a discounted basis, at the commencement date for all leases with terms greater than twelve months. Lessor accounting will remain largely unchanged, other than certain targeted improvements intended to align lessor accounting with the lessee accounting model and with the updated revenue recognition guidance issued in 2014. Lessees and lessors must apply a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. The amended guidance is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2018, and early application is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its financial position and results of operations.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued final guidance that requires companies to classify all deferred tax assets and liabilities as noncurrent on the balance sheet instead of separating deferred taxes into current and noncurrent amounts. The guidance is effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this guidance in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016. The adoption had no effect on the Company's results of operations.

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued amended accounting guidance that changes the balance sheet presentation of debt issuance costs. Under the amended guidance, debt issuance costs are presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the related debt liability rather than as an asset. In August 2015, the FASB issued Update 2015-15, which further clarifies the presentation and subsequent measurement of debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements. Debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit of arrangements can be recorded as an asset and subsequently amortized ratably over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement. For public companies, the new guidance is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015 (including interim periods within those fiscal years), and is required to be applied on a retrospective basis. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this guidance in the third quarter of fiscal 2016. The adoption had no effect on the Company's results of operations.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued a new accounting standard for revenue recognition which requires entities to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard supersedes the existing accounting guidance for revenue recognition, including industry-specific guidance, and amends certain accounting guidance for recognition of gains and losses on the transfer of non-financial assets. For public companies, the new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2017. Early application is permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 (including interim periods within those periods). Upon adoption, financial statement issuers may elect to apply the new standard either retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented, or using a modified retrospective approach by recognizing the cumulative effect of initial application and providing certain additional disclosures. The Company will adopt this guidance in the first quarter of 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its financial position and results of operations, and has not yet determined which adoption method it will elect.

 

In April 2014, the FASB issued amended accounting guidance that changes the criteria for reporting discontinued operations and expands the related disclosure requirements. This guidance is effective in the first quarter of our fiscal year 2016. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 with no material impact on our financial position or results of operations. The Golden Nugget casino was not considered a significant component of the Company and therefore the sale was not treated as discontinued operations. See Goodwill and Intangible Assets footnote.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued amended accounting guidance that defines management’s responsibility to evaluate a company’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures.  For each reporting period, management will be required to evaluate whether there are conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about a company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the date the financial statements are issued. The amendments are effective for annual reporting periods (including interim periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is permitted.  The Company will adopt this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and does not expect the adoption to have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

 

A variety of proposed or otherwise potential accounting guidance is currently under study by standard-setting organizations and certain regulatory agencies. Due to the tentative and preliminary nature of such proposed accounting guidance, the Company has not yet determined the effect, if any, that the implementation of such proposed accounting guidance would have on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 3. Restricted Cash

 

As of April 30, 2016 and 2015, we maintained $1.4 million and $1.7 million respectively, in restricted cash, which consists of progressive and player-supported jackpot funds for our Washington operations.

 

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Note 4. Notes Receivable 

 

As of April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, we had net notes receivable of $1,109,069 and $1,698,931, respectively. The schedule below reflects the face amount and valuation allowance of each note receivable as of April 30, 2016:

 

   Face Amount   Valuation   Net Receivable 
G Investments, LLC  $1,109,069    -   $1,109,069 
Big City Capital, LLC   3,200,000    (3,200,000)   - 
BVD/BVO   4,672,087    (4,672,087)   - 
   $8,981,156   $(7,872,087)  $1,109,069 

 

G Investments, LLC

 

Upon completion of the sale of the Colorado Grande Casino on May 25, 2012, we recorded a $2,300,000 note receivable. This note bears interest at 6% per annum through the maturity date of June 1, 2017 and is secured with all of the assets of the Colorado Grande Casino, pledge of membership interest in G Investments, LLC (“GI”), and a personal guaranty by GI’s principal.

 

As of April 30, 2016, the remaining principal and interest payments are scheduled to be made as follows:

 

·Twelve monthly installments of principal and accrued interest of $40,000; and
·A final installment of $689,964 which is due on the maturity date of June 1, 2017.

 

GI has timely made required principal and interest payments.

 

Big City Capital, LLC

 

In 2004, we advanced $3.2 million to Big City Capital, LLC for the development of gaming/entertainment projects. The receivable was fully reserved as of 2012.

 

BVD/BVO Receivable

 

We have a note receivable for $4.7 million from B. V. Oro, LLC from the 2008 sale of our 40% interest in Buena Vista Development Company, LLC. The receivable was fully reserved in 2012.

 

Note 5. Goodwill and Intangible Assets

 

In connection with our acquisitions of the Washington mini-casinos on May 12, 2009, July 23, 2010 and July 18, 2011, the South Dakota slot route on January 27, 2012, and the Club Fortune Casino in Nevada on December 1, 2015 (see Acquisition of Club Fortune Casino footnote), we have goodwill and intangible assets of $23,029,040, net of amortization for intangible assets with finite lives.

 

The change in the carrying amount of goodwill and other intangibles for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016 is as follows:

 

  

 

Total

  

 

Goodwill

  

Other

Intangibles, net

 
Balance as of April 30, 2015  $20,664,960   $16,103,583   $4,561,377 
Current year amortization   (1,185,991)   -    (1,185,991)
Gaming licenses   48,595    -    48,595 
Acquisition of Club Fortune   4,411,434    2,831,434    1,580,000 
Impairment of South Dakota   (835,000)   (835,000)   - 
Sale of Golden Nugget   (74,958)   (74,958)   - 
Balance as of April 30, 2016  $23,029,040   $18,025,059   $5,003,981 

 

Goodwill and net intangibles assets by segment as of April 30, 2016 are as follows:

 

  

 

Total

   Goodwill   Other
Intangibles, net
 
Washington  $16,710,630   $14,092,154   $2,618,476 
South Dakota   1,533,614    1,101,471    432,143 
Nevada   4,347,346    2,831,434    1,515,912 
Corporate   437,450    -    437,450 
Total  $23,029,040   $18,025,059   $5,003,981 

 

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Intangible assets are generally amortized on a straight line basis over the useful lives of the assets. State gaming registration and trade names are not amortizable. A summary of intangible assets and accumulated amortization as of April 30, 2016 are as follows:

 

  

Gross

Carrying

Amount

  

 

Accumulated

Amortization

   Net 
Customer relationships  $8,673,321   $(6,713,512)  $1,959,809 
Non-compete agreements   1,379,000    (1,284,278)   94,722 
State gaming registration   437,450    -    437,450 
Trade names   2,512,000    -    2,512,000 
Total  $13,001,771   $(7,997,790)  $5,003,981 

 

A summary of intangible assets and accumulated amortization as of April 30, 2015 are as follows:

 

  

Gross

Carrying

Amount

  

 

Accumulated

Amortization

   Net 
Customer relationships  $7,853,321   $(5,542,799)  $2,310,522 
Non-compete agreements   1,269,000    (1,269,000)   - 
State gaming registration   388,855    -    388,855 
Trade names   1,862,000    -    1,862,000 
Total  $11,373,176   $(6,811,799)  $4,561,377 

 

The weighted average useful lives of acquired intangibles related to customer relationships is 7.0 years and non-compete agreements is 3.0 years.  Amortization expense for the years ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 was $1,185,991 and 1,192,791, respectively. The estimated future annual amortization of intangible assets, which excludes trade names and State gaming registration, is as follows:

 

Fiscal year  Amount 
2017  $871,707 
2018   491,693 
2019   271,370 
2020   117,143 
Thereafter   302,618 
Total  $2,054,531 

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair market value of net assets acquired. The Company acquired the South Dakota route in January of 2012 for approximately $5.1 million. Goodwill for our South Dakota operations was $1.1 million and $1.9 million as of April 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company’s review of goodwill associated with the South Dakota operations as of April 30, 2016, resulted in a $0.8 million impairment of goodwill using market and income valuations which was included in write downs and other charges on the consolidated statements of operations. The calculations and key assumptions contemplate changes for both current year and future year estimates in earnings and the impact of these changes to the fair value of the route.

 

Note 6. Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment at April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015 consist of the following:

 

           Estimated
   April 30,   April 30,   Service Life
   2016   2015   in Years
Leasehold improvements  $1,439,720   $1,379,050   7-20
Gaming equipment   5,247,574    2,421,041   3-5
Furniture and office equipment   4,190,901    2,918,282   3-7
Building and improvements   7,440,577    1,612,250   15-30
Land   2,387,750    87,750    
Construction in Progress   82,272    23,971    
    20,788,794    8,442,344    
Less accumulated depreciation   (5,641,733)   (4,451,553)   
              
Property and equipment, net  $15,147,061   $3,990,791    

 

 35

 

 

Depreciation expense for the years ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 was $1,422,625 and $975,212, respectively.

 

Note 7. Income Taxes 

 

Income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for income taxes. Under this approach, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized based on anticipated future tax consequences, using currently enacted tax laws, attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. We record current income taxes based on our current taxable income, and we provide for deferred income taxes to reflect estimated future tax payments and receipts. We account for tax credits under the flow-through method, which reduces the provision for income taxes in the year the tax credits first become available. We reduce deferred tax assets by a valuation allowance when, based on our estimates, it is more likely than not that a portion of those assets will not be realized in a future period.

 

We recognize the impact of uncertain tax positions in our financial statements only if that position is more likely than not of not being sustained upon examination by the taxing authority. Should interest and penalty be incurred as a result of a review of our income tax returns, we will record the interest and penalty in accordance with applicable guidance.

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities presented on the balance sheet are as follows:

 

   April 30, 2016   April 30, 2015 
Deferred tax asset  $2,348,299   $3,569,796 

 

A summary of our deferred tax assets and liabilities is presented in the table below:

 

   April 30, 2016   April 30, 2015 
Deferred tax assets:          
Net operating loss carryforwards  $5,284   $497,584 
Tax credit carryforwards   352,709    281,657 
Stock options   237,937    308,216 
Impairment of notes receivable and land   2,644,330    3,417,478 
Revenue not recognized for tax reporting and other   172,135    162,269 
Accrued expenses   198,273    124,262 
Other   100,138    23,443 
Total deferred tax assets   3,710,806    4,814,909 
Deferred tax liabilities:          
Amortization of intangibles   (1,024,020)   (985,037)
Fixed assets   (127,956)   (219,939)
Prepaid expenses   (210,531)   (40,137)
Total deferred tax liabilities   (1,362,507)   (1,245,113)
Net deferred tax assets  $2,348,299   $3,569,796 

 

At April 30, 2016, we have $7.9 million in receivables that have been fully reserved. We also have deferred tax assets of approximately $0.3 million related to general business credits and $0.1 million related to Alternative Minimum Tax credits. The net operating losses and general business credits can be carried forward and applied to offset taxable income for 20 years; they will begin to expire in 2031. The Alternative Minimum Tax credit can be carried forward indefinitely and will offset future regular tax liabilities.

 

We have analyzed our income tax filing positions in all jurisdictions and believe our income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and do not anticipate any adjustments which will result in a material change to our financial position. As of the time of this filing, no income tax examinations are currently being undertaken by any jurisdiction.

 

 36

 

 

Reconciliations between the statutory federal income tax expense rate of 34.0% in the fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015 and our effective income tax rate as a percentage of pre-tax book income is as follows:

 

   Year Ended 
   April 30, 2016   April 30, 2015 
   Percent   Dollars   Percent   Dollars 
                     
Income tax expense at statutory federal rate   34.0   $857,664    34.0   $915,585 
Impairment of nondeductible goodwill   11.3    283,900    -    - 
Non-Deductible Expenses   2.3    59,006    1.1    30,680 
Utilization of General Business Credits   (2.8)   (71,051)   (2.4)   (66,502)
Adjustment to deferred balances   3.0    76,157    -    - 
Tax Return to Provision Adjustments   0.6    15,821    0.2    6,056 
Income tax expense at effective income tax rate   48.4   $1,221,497    32.9   $885,819 

 

Note 8. Long-Term Debt 

 

Our long-term financing obligations for the fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015 are as follows:

 

   April 30,   April 30, 
   2016   2015 
$23.0 million reducing revolving credit agreement, LIBOR plus an applicable margin, $625,000 quarterly reductions beginning January 31, 2016 through November 30, 2020, and the remaining $11,057,777 principal due on the maturity date of November 30, 2020.  $16,839,148   $- 
$12.8 million reducing revolving credit agreement, LIBOR plus an applicable margin, increasing quarterly payments beginning March 31, 2014 through September 30, 2018, and the remaining $4,250,000 principal due on the maturity date of December 10, 2018    -    7,088,677 
Less: current portion   -    - 
Total long-term financing obligations  $16,839,148   $7,088,677 

 

On November 30, 2015, the Company amended its existing credit agreement with Mutual of Omaha Bank to increase the lending commitment to $23 million.  The Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (“Credit Facility”) matures on November 30, 2020, and is secured by liens on substantially all of the real and personal property of the Company and its subsidiaries. The interest rate on the borrowing is based on LIBOR plus an Applicable Margin, determined quarterly beginning April 1, 2016, based on the total leverage ratio for the trailing twelve month period. The initial Applicable Margin was 4.00% until April 1, 2016, when the first quarterly pricing change took effect, and decreased to 3.00%. In addition, the Company was required to fix the interest rate on at least 50% of the credit facility through a swap agreement.

 

As of April 30, 2016, scheduled principal payments on the Credit Facility are as follows:

 

May 1, 2016 – April 30, 2017   - 
May 1, 2017 – April 30, 2018  $490,000 
May 1, 2018 – April 30, 2019   2,500,000 
May 1, 2019 – April 30, 2020   2,500,000 
May 1, 2020 – November 30, 2020   11,682,777 
Total payments   17,172,777 
Unamortized debt discount   (333,629)
Total long-term debt  $16,839,148 

 

During the first quarter of fiscal 2016, the $276,054 net proceeds from the sale of the Golden Nugget permanently reduced the Credit Facility when the funds were paid directly to Mutual of Omaha Bank and the maximum borrowing was reduced by $276,054. Also, during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016, the $67,223 net proceeds from the sale of the Colorado land permanently reduced the Credit Facility.

 

The Credit Facility contains customary covenants for a facility of this nature, including, but not limited to, covenants requiring the preservation and maintenance of the Company’s assets and covenants restricting our ability to merge, transfer ownership, incur additional indebtedness, encumber assets and make certain investments.  The Credit Facility also contains covenants requiring the Company to maintain certain financial ratios including a maximum total leverage ratio ranging from 3.00 to 1.00 through January 31, 2017, 2.75 to 1.00 from February 1, 2017 through January 31, 2018, and 2.50 to 1.00 from February 1, 2018 until maturity; and lease adjusted fixed charge coverage ratio of no less than 1.15 to 1.00. We are in compliance with the covenant requirements of the Credit Facility as of April 30, 2016.

 

The unamortized debt discount above consists of debt issuance costs paid directly to the lender. The discount is amortized using the effective interest rate method over the period of the Credit Facility through interest expense.

 

 37

 

 

Note 9.   Interest Rate Swap

 

We are required by the Credit Facility to have a secured interest rate swap for at least 50% of the Credit Facility commitment. On December 28, 2015, the Company entered into a swap transaction with Mutual of Omaha Bank (“MOOB”), which has a calculation period as of the tenth day of each month through the maturity date of the Credit Facility. As of April 30, 2016, the Company had one outstanding interest rate swap with MOOB with a notional amount of $10,875,000 at a swap rate of 1.77%, which as of April 30, 2016, effectively converts $10,875,000 of our floating-rate debt to a synthetic fixed rate of 4.77%. Under the terms of the swap agreement, the Company pays a fixed rate of 1.77% and receives variable rate based on one-month LIBOR as of the first day of each floating-rate calculation period. Under the International Swap Dealers Association, Inc. (“ISDA”) confirmation, the floating index as of April 30, 2016 is set at 0.4347%.

 

The Company did not designate the interest rate swap as a cash flow hedge and the interest rate swap did not qualify for hedge accounting under ASC Topic 815. Changes in our interest rate swap fair value are recorded in our consolidated statements of operations. Each quarter, the Company receives fair value statements from the counterparty, MOOB. The fair value of the interest rate swap is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of the derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including forward interest rate curves. To comply with the provisions of ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, the Company incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect both its own nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements. As a result of our evaluation of our interest rate swap, we recorded a $217,781 decrease in our interest rate swap fair value for the year ended April 30, 2016. As of April 30, 2016 and 2015, our interest rate swap fair value is a $286,731 and $68,951 liability which is included in other long-term liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

Note 10. Equity Transactions and Stock Option Plans 

 

We have obligations under two employee stock plans: (1) the 2009 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”), and (2) the 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended (the “2010 Plan”).

 

The 2009 Plan

 

On April 14, 2009, our shareholders approved the 2009 Plan providing for the granting of awards to our directors, officers, employees and independent contractors. The number of common stock shares reserved for issuance under the 2009 Plan is 1,750,000 shares. The plan is administered by the Compensation Committee (the “Committee”) of the Board of Directors. The Committee has complete discretion under the 2009 Plan regarding the vesting and service requirements, exercise price and other conditions. Under the 2009 Plan, the Committee is authorized to grant the following types of awards:

 

·Stock Options including Incentive Stock Options (“ISO”),
·Options not intended to qualify as ISOs,
·Stock Appreciation Rights, and
·Restricted Stock Grants.

 

Our practice has been to issue new or treasury shares upon the exercise of stock options. Stock option rights granted under the 2009 Plan generally have 5 or 10 year terms and vest in two or three equal annual installments, with some options grants providing for immediate vesting for a portion of the grant.

 

On October 12, 2015, the Committee granted stock to the board of directors as part of a revision of director compensation with $10,000 in annual compensation paid in the form of a stock grant and reducing the cash compensation by $5,000 per director. The Committee also granted 12,600 shares of restricted stock to our VP of Washington Operations to vest over three years.

  

 38

 

  

A summary of stock option activity under our share-based payment plans for the years ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 is presented below:

 

           Weighted     
       Weighted   Average     
       Average   Remaining   Aggregate 
       Exercise   Contractual   Intrinsic 
   Shares   Price   Term (Year)   Value 
Outstanding at April 30, 2014   800,000   $1.09           
Granted   200,000    1.23           
Exercised   (105,000)   1.06           
Forfeited or expired   -    -           
Outstanding at April 30, 2015   895,000   $1.08    6.95   $497,850 
                     
Exercisable at April 30, 2015   695,000   $1.09    6.26   $407,850 
                     
Outstanding at April 30, 2015   895,000   $1.08           
Granted   -    -           
Exercised   (190,000)   1.03           
Forfeited or expired   -    -           
Outstanding at April 30, 2016   705,000   $1.10    6.25   $668,800 
                     
Exercisable at April 30, 2016   605,000   $1.08    5.90   $586,800 
                     
Available for grant at April 30, 2016   672,400                

 

As of April 30, 2016, there was a total of $42,031 of unamortized compensation cost related to stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 0.4 years. Also, as of April 30, 2016, there was $10,297 of unamortized compensation cost related to stock grants, which is expected to be recognized over approximately 1.5 years.

 

Compensation cost for stock options granted is based on the fair value of each award, measured by applying the Black-Scholes model on the date of grant and using the weighted-average assumptions of (i) expected volatility, (ii) expected term, (iii) expected dividend yield, (iv) risk-free interest rate and (v) forfeiture rate. Expected volatility is based on historical volatility of our stock. The expected term considers the contractual term of the option as well as historical exercise and forfeiture behavior. The risk-free interest rate is based on the rates in effect on the grant date for U.S. Treasury instruments with maturities matching the relevant expected term of the award.

 

The 2010 Plan

 

On October 11, 2010, our shareholders approved the 2010 Plan which permits all our eligible employees, including employees of certain of our subsidiaries, to purchase shares of our common stock through payroll deductions at a purchase price not to be less than 90% of the fair market value of the shares on each purchase date. There was a total of 500,000 shares available for issuance under the 2010 Plan.  On November 30, 2010, our Board of Directors amended the 2010 Plan, effective December 1, 2010, to allow its participants to contribute up to a maximum of twenty (20%) percent of their paid compensation. The 2010 Plan became available for employee participation on January 1, 2011, employee payroll deductions began in January of 2011, and shares are to be purchased at the end of each calendar quarter. As of April 30, 2016, approximately 430,704 shares were issued under the 2010 Plan. The 2010 Plan had a term of 5 years and expired on January 1, 2016. Therefore, no further stock will be issued under the plan.

 

Treasury Stock

 

During the fiscal years ended April 30, 2016 and April 30, 2015, we did not repurchase any of the Company’s stock.

 

Note 11. Stock Offering and Warrants

 

On November 7, 2011, we closed on the sale of 2,625,652 shares of our common stock at a price of $1.65 per share to certain investors through a registered direct offering for the total proceeds of approximately $4.3 million, net of offering costs of approximately $444,000. In addition, for each share of our common stock purchased by an investor, we issued to such investor a warrant to purchase 0.75 shares of our common stock. The warrants have an exercise price of $2.18 per share and are exercisable for five years from the initial exercise date, which date is six months from the date of their issuance. The warrants expire on May 7, 2017. The proceeds of the offering were used to assist us in the $5.1 million acquisition of the South Dakota route operations.

 

 39

 

 

Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies 

 

We are party to contracts in the ordinary course of business, including leases for real property and operating leases for equipment.

 

The expected remaining future annual minimum lease payments as of April 30, 2016 are as follows:

 

Fiscal Year  Total 
     
2017  $3,081,775 
2018   3,046,590 
2019   3,077,747 
2020   2,380,704 
2021   2,322,932 
Thereafter   1,577,297 
   $15,487,045 

 

Total rent expense for the years ended April 30, 2016 and 2015 was $3,361,606 and $3,355,827, respectively.

 

We indemnified our officers and directors for certain events or occurrences while the director or officer is or was serving at our request in such capacity. The maximum potential amount of future payments we could be required to make under these indemnification obligations is unlimited; however, we have a Directors and Officers Liability Insurance policy that limits our exposure and enables us to recover a portion of any future amounts paid, provided that such insurance policy provides coverage.

 

Colorado Grande Casino. Through our wholly-owned subsidiary, CGE Assets, Inc. (formerly, Colorado Grande Enterprises, Inc.), we leased a portion of a building in Cripple Creek, Colorado, and an adjacent parking lot, for use in connection with the Colorado Grande Casino and hotel facilities. Although this lease was assigned to G Investments, LLC as a result of the sale of the Colorado Grande Casino, which occurred on May 25, 2012, we retained contingent liability of the tenant’s obligations under this lease through May 24, 2017.

 

Note 13. Earnings Per Share

 

The following is presented as a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of basic and diluted earnings per share computations:

 

   Fiscal Year Ended 
   April 30,
2016
   April 30,
2015
 
Numerator:          
Basic and diluted:          
Net income  $1,301,046   $1,807,077 
           
Denominator:          
Basic weighted average number of common shares outstanding   17,002,728    16,228,396 
Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding   17,298,373    16,345,795 
           
Income per share for continuing operations:          
Net income per common share – basic and diluted  $0.08   $0.11 

 

Note 14. Segment Reporting 

 

We have three business segments: (i) Washington, (ii) South Dakota, and (iii) Nevada, as well as the Company’s corporate location. For the year ended April 30, 2016 and 2015, the Washington segment consists of the Washington mini-casinos, the South Dakota segment consists of our slot route operation in South Dakota, Nevada segment consists of Club Fortune casino (see Acquisition of Club Fortune Casino footnote) and Corporate includes the vacant land in Colorado and its taxes and maintenance expenses. Corporate also includes corporate-related items, results of insignificant operations, and income and expenses not allocated to other reportable segments.

 

Summarized financial information for our reportable segments is shown in the following table.

 

 40

 

 

   As of, and for the Year Ended,  April 30, 2016 
   Washington   South Dakota   Nevada   Corporate   Totals 
                     
Net revenue  $56,741,215   $7,532,926   $6,066,864   $-   $70,341,005 
Casino and food and beverage expense   29,236,445    6,758,034    3,381,836    -    39,376,315 
Marketing and administrative and corporate expense   16,399,648    262,639    1,749,766    3,258,187    21,670,240 
Facility and other expenses   2,049,123    133,718    107,766    -    2,290,607 
Depreciation and amortization   1,374,111    618,260    603,935    12,310    2,608,616 
Operating income (loss)   7,844,130    (1,083,856)   228,861    (3,620,497)   3,368,638 
Assets   29,223,770    3,247,015    17,860,387    7,427,528    57,758,700 
Purchase of property and equipment   458,304    152,108    43,667    20,716    674,795 

 

   As of, and for the Year Ended, April 30, 2015 
   Washington   South Dakota   Nevada   Corporate   Totals 
                     
Net revenue  $55,956,837   $8,389,867    -   $2,849   $64,349,553 
Casino and food and beverage expense   29,586,333    7,304,721    -    -    36,891,054 
Marketing and administrative and corporate expense   16,889,952    315,428    -    2,449,532    19,654,912 
Facility and other expenses   2,149,456    154,527    -    -    2,303,983 
Depreciation and amortization   1,480,314    676,524    -    11,165    2,168,003 
Operating income (loss)   5,846,904    (83,300)   -    (2,464,697)   3,298,907 
Assets   29,840,639    4,755,865    -    8,285,186    42,881,690 
Purchase of property and equipment   401,935    275,592    -    43,618    721,145 

 

Note 15. Related Party Transactions 

 

The Company paid $4,250 during the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016, in accordance with Club Fortune entering into a ground lease agreement with Gaming Ventures Las Vegas, Inc., the previous owner of Club Fortune, which is owned by a shareholder who owns over 5% of the Company. The company paid $85,322 during the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016 in accordance with a consulting agreement with the same shareholder.

 

We are required to obtain approval from the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors for any related party transactions. The Audit Committee is comprised of independent directors.

 

Note 16.   Acquisition of Club Fortune Casino 

 

On December 1, 2015, the Company completed the acquisition of the Club Fortune casino in Henderson, Nevada pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement dated May 22, 2015 between Gaming Ventures of Las Vegas, Inc., as Seller and Nevada Gold & Casinos LV, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, as Buyer. The purchase price for the acquisition, exclusive of working capital, is $14,159,623 and 1,190,476 shares of common stock of the Company for a total purchase price of $16,362,004.

 

The acquisition was financed pursuant to an expansion of the Company’s existing Credit Agreement with Mutual of Omaha Bank (see Long-Term Debt footnote).

 

We incurred $0.6 million of acquisition related expenses through April 30, 2016, which are included in corporate expense in our consolidated statement of operations.

 

We have recorded Club Fortune casino’s assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on our estimates of their fair values at the acquisition date. The determination of the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed (and the related determination of estimated lives of depreciable and amortizable tangible and identifiable intangible assets) requires significant judgment and estimates. The estimates and assumptions used include the projected timing and amount of future cash flows and discount rates that reflect risk inherent in the future cash flows. The estimated fair values of Club Fortune casino’s assets acquired and liabilities assumed and resulting goodwill are subject to adjustment as we finalize our fair value analysis. We do not currently expect our fair value determinations to change; however, there may be differences compared to those amounts reflected in our consolidated financial statements at April 30, 2016, as we finalize our fair value analysis and such changes could be material.

 

 41

 

 

The allocation of the purchase price to the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed was as follows (in millions):

 

Building  $5.8 
Equipment   3.9 
Land   2.1 
Land improvements   0.2 
Customer relationships   0.8 
Tradename   0.7 
Non-compete agreement   0.1 
Goodwill   2.8 
Working capital(1)   0.8 
   $17.2 

 

(1)Working capital includes $1.5 million of cash acquired.

 

The goodwill is the excess purchase price over the assets purchased and is primarily attributable to the assembled workforce and the expected future cash flows of Club Fortune. The goodwill is amortizable over 15 years for income tax purposes.

 

The fair value of building and equipment was primarily determined using cost approaches in which we determined an estimated reproduction or replacement cost, as applicable. The fair value of the land was determined based on a market approach, analyzing recent sales or offerings of similar assets in the market to apply an appropriate price per acre.

 

The estimated fair value of the acquired tradename was determined using the royalty savings method, which is a risk-adjusted discounted cash flow approach.

 

The estimated fair values of customer relationships was determined using the excess earnings method, which is a risk-adjusted discounted cash flow approach that determines the value of an intangible asset as the present value of the cash flows attributable to such asset after excluding the proportion of the cash flows that are attributable to other assets. The contribution to the cash flows that are made by other assets - such as fixed assets, working capital, workforce and other intangible assets - was estimated through contributory asset capital charges. The value of the acquired customer relationship asset is the present value of the attributed post-tax cash flows, net of the post-tax return on fair value attributed to the other assets.

 

As required by the Asset Purchase Agreement, we paid an estimated working capital amount to the seller. Upon calculating the actual working capital amount, the final adjustment of $0.3 million is expected to be paid to the seller in August, 2016 and is in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet.

 

The following unaudited pro forma data gives effect to the Club Fortune acquisition as if it had been completed on May 1, 2014. The unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of what the operating results actually would have been during the periods presented had the acquisition been completed on May 1, 2014. In addition, the unaudited pro forma financial information does not purport to project future operating results. This information is preliminary in nature and subject to change based on final purchase price adjustments. The pro forma information do not reflect any anticipated synergies or the impact of non-recurring items directly related to the Club Fortune acquisition.

 

   Twelve months ended April 30, 
   2016   2015 
         
Net revenues  $79,084,320   $79,369,627 
           
Net income  $1,271,202   $1,399,251 

 

 42

& nbsp;

 

Exhibit 21

 

SUBSIDIARIES OF NEVADA GOLD & CASINOS, INC.

 

WHOLLY-OWNED SUBSIDIARIES STATE OF INCORPORATION
   
CGC Holdings, LLC Nevada
CGE Assets, Inc.  
(formerly, Colorado Grande Enterprises, Inc.) Colorado
Gold Mountain Development, LLC Colorado
Gold River, LLC Nevada
Nevada Gold BVR, L.L.C. Nevada
Nevada Gold Management Services, LLC Texas
NG Washington, LLC Washington
NG Washington II, LLC Washington
NG Washington II Holdings, LLC Delaware
NG Washington III, LLC Washington
NG Washington IV, LLC Washington
NG South Dakota, LLC South Dakota
A.G. Trucano, Son & Grandsons, Inc. South Dakota
Nevada Gold Speedway, LLC Nevada
Nevada Gold & Casinos LV, LLC Nevada
   
PARTIALLY OWNED SUBSIDIARIES  
   
Texas City Limits, LLC Texas

  

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 23.1

 

CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

We consent to the incorporation by reference in the Registration Statement (Form S-8 No. 333-158576) and in the Registration Statement (Form S-8 No. 333-169892) pertaining to the 2009 Stock Option Plan and 2010 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, respectively, of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. of our report dated July 29, 2016, with respect to the consolidated financial statements of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. included in this Annual Report (Form 10-K) for the year ended April 30, 2016.

 

/s/ Ernst & Young

Las Vegas, Nevada

July 29, 2016

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 31.1

 

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER CERTIFICATION

PURSUANT TO SECTION 13A-14 OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT

 

I, Michael P. Shaunnessy, certify that:

 

1.   I have reviewed this Form 10-K of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.;

 

2.   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: July 29, 2016

 

/s/ Michael P. Shaunnessy                  
Michael P. Shaunnessy  
President and Chief Executive Officer  

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 31.2

 

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER CERTIFICATION

PURSUANT TO SECTION 13A-14 OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT

 

I, James Meier, certify that:

 

1.   I have reviewed this Form 10-K of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc.;

 

2.   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: July 29, 2016

 

/s/ James Meier  
James Meier  
Vice President and Chief Financial Officer  

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 32.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Annual Report of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Michael P. Shaunnessy, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to the best of my knowledge:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C.78m or 78o(d)), as amended; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

By: /s/ Michael P. Shaunnessy  
Michael P. Shaunnessy, President and Chief Executive Officer  
July 29, 2016  

  

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 32.2

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Annual Report of Nevada Gold & Casinos, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, James Meier, Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to the best of my knowledge:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C.78m or 78o(d)), as amended; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

By: /s/ James Meier  
James Meier, Vice President and Chief Financial Officer  
July 29, 2016